Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/53

Click to flip

53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Immaculate Conception
December 8th
Epiphany
January 6th
Septuagesima
ninth Sunday before Easter, the third before Lent
Sexagesima
The eighth Sunday before Easter and the second before Lent
Annunciation
March 25th
Trinity Sunday
First Sunday after Pentecost
Corpus Christi
Sunday after Trinity Sunday
Visitation
May 31st
Assumption
August 15th
Nativity of the Virgin
September 8th
Tractulus
a neume signifying one note, usually drawn as a short horizontal line, In some manuscripts it is the form used for a punctum
Virga
a neume signifying a single note. It usually consists a single vertical stroke of the pen. It generally represented a note higher than those on either side.
Pes
a neume signifying two notes, the second higher than the first. It is so called because its shape often resembles that of a foot.
Clivis
a neume signifying two notes, the second lower than the first. Shape looks like a small arch in St. Gall
Porrectus
a neume signifying three notes, the second lower than the others. Looks like a slanted, backwards h in St. Gall.
Torculus
a neume signifying three notes, the second higher than the others, looks like a slanted s in St. Gall.
Quilisma
ornamental neume, between two notes a 3rd apart, majority go up a 3rd
Climacus
a neume signifying three notes in descending order. written as a virga (upright stroke) with puncta (dots) falling away to the right
Nondiastematic
notation that does not indicate pitch by height
Diastematic
musical notation that shows, through the use of staves or careful vertical placement, the pitches of notes.
Messine
from Metz, lorraine notation found in Graz 807, prior to quadratic notation, an early style, flowing lines, look like adiestematic neumes
Franconian
last notation of the ars antiqua - pre 14th century, first mensural notation where the note shape has a certain/specific meaning. ex. breve means short
Mensural
any notation before modern period with actual rhythmic meaning
Hymns
a
Sequences
a piece of sacred chant of ample length and melodic range, set syllabically with a Latin text. The text consisted of a series of couplets each having two lines sung to the same melody; each couplet was different from the preceding couplet in melody and in length.850 to 1150
Prosas
A text for a sequence, largely in ‘couplets’: two lines of text set syllabically to the same phrase of music,in the early repertory any given prosa could be sung to only one melody.
Tracts
replacing the alleluia of the Mass on penitential occasions.
a solo chant melodically elaborate that follows the gradual
Responsorial chants
a
Antiphonal chants
a
Conductus
A medieval song sacred text in Latin verse. Taken up by the Parisian composers of Notre Dame, it flourished from about 1160 to about 1240.
Ars antiqua motets
a
Faulx bourdon
A technique of either improvised singing or shorthand notation in sacred music of the 15th century, written as two-voice pieces with the cantus firmus in the upper part, The designation ‘faux bourdon’, was usually placed in either the discantus or the tenor part
Quadratic
square shaped neumes found in liber
Hufnagel
German notation from 14th century on, virga looks like a hobnail for horseshoe
Modal
for polyphony around 1200, The number of notes in each neume and the combination of such neumes defined the rhythms; these two neume-shapes were interpreted as breve–long
St. Gall 359
10th cent. early adiestematic, abbreviated 'C'
St. Gall 339
10th cent. Switzerland, French-German predominantly-stroke notation, nondiestematic
Einsiedeln 121
St. Gallen notation, 10th century in Switzerland, uses significative letters
Laon 239
11th cent. nondiestematic from Laon region in northern France, uses Messine neumes and some significative letters
Montpellier H 159
tonary of Mass chants, 11th century, double notation-French neumatic and alphabetical
Paris 1411 and 1412
12th cent. Cistercian chant
Codex Calixtinus
Santiago, 12th cent., 5 books, pilgrim's guide to Santiago mostly not music, Messine notation
W1
Notre Dame polyphony, 13th century, originated in Scotland, St. Andrews
Modena, Biblioteca Estense, MS 471
15th cent. starts w/ polyphonic hymn settings of chant to enable to sing chant in harmony by Dufai
Cantatorium
book where only solo parts have neumes
Graduale
Liturgical book containing the chants for the Proper of the Mass
Antiphonale
Liturgical book containing the antiphons and other choir chants sung at the services of the Divine office
Kyriale
a collection of chants for the Ordinary of the Mass, that is, Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei and Ite or Benedicamus;
Tonary
Liturgical book in which the antiphons of the Office and the Mass and the responsories and even other chants are classified according to the eight psalm tones of Gregorian chant. Ex. Montpellier H. 159
Liturgical Drama
the corpus of sung religious dialogues, ceremonies and plays in Latin, the plays are found for the most part in liturgical books
Semiology
The science of signs
Litterae significativae
Letters added beside neumes to clarify or supplement the meaning of the neumes
Episema
an additional sign used in conjuction with neumes, indicates a lengthening or other form of emphasis of the note to which it applies