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15 Cards in this Set

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An ____ is a sudden release of energy in Earth's _____, causing the ground to shake.
earthquake; crust
A rigid block of Earth's crust and upper mantle rock is a ______.
plate
A ______ is a physical feature on Earth's surface, such as a mountain or a valley.
landform
The remains or traces of past life found in Earth's crust are called _____.
fossils
Molten rock from Earth's mantle is _______.
magma
A ____ is a break in Earth's crust , along which peices of the crust move.
fault
______ is the process of breaking rock into silt, sand, and other tiny pieces called sediment.
weathering
Lava is magma that reaches Earth's surface through an opening, called a ______, in the Earth's crust.
volcano
The downhill movement of rock and soil because of gravity is ______.
mass movement
The _____ is the layer of rock beneath Earth's crust.
mantle
The theory that the continents move over Earth's surface is _____.
continental drift
_____ is the supercontinent that held all of Earth's land 225 million years ago.
Pangea
_____ is the process of moving sedimetn from one place to another, and ______ is the process of dropping, or depositing sediment in a new location.
Erosion; deposition
The _____is the center of Earth.
core
Name the three layers of Earth, beginning with the outermost layer.
Crust, mantle, and core