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75 Cards in this Set

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adnexa uteri
fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
amnion
innermost membrane aroudn the developing embryo
areola
dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple
Bartholin glands
small oxocrine glands at the vaginal orifice
cervix
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surroudnign teh embryo; it's is pat of the placenta
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus
coitus
sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum
empty graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after release of the egg cell; literallly means eyllow (luteum) body (corpus)
cul-de-sac
region within teh pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus
embryo
stage in prenatal devleopment from implantation of the fertilized egg until the second month of pregnancy
endometrium
inner mucous membrane lining the uterus
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries; repsonsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization
union of the sperm cell adn ovum form which the embryo develops
fetus
embryo from teh eith week after fertilization until birth
fimbriae (plural)
finger-lik eprojections at hte en do fhte fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum
gamete
male or female sexual reporductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
genitalia
reproductive organs; also called genitals
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surroudnign teh embryo; it's is pat of the placenta
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus
coitus
sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus luteum
empty graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after release of the egg cell; literallly means eyllow (luteum) body (corpus)
cul-de-sac
region within teh pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus
embryo
stage in prenatal devleopment from implantation of the fertilized egg until the second month of pregnancy
endometrium
inner mucous membrane lining the uterus
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries; repsonsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube
one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization
union of the sperm cell adn ovum form which the embryo develops
fetus
embryo from teh eith week after fertilization until birth
fimbriae (plural)
finger-lik eprojections at hte en do fhte fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum
gamete
male or female sexual reporductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
genitalia
reproductive organs; also called genitals
gonad
organ in the male (testis) and female (ovary) that produces gametes
graafian follicle
devleoping sac enclosing each ovum within teh ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime
gynecoloy
study of the female rpeodcutive organs includign the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
hormone produced by the palcenta to stustain pregnancy by stimulating (-torpin) the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
hymen
mucous membrane partially or compeltely coverin gthe vaginal orifice
labia
lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips
lactiferous ducts
tubes that carry milk wtihin teh breast
luteinizing hormone (LH)
hormone produced by teh pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
mammary papilla
nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection
menarche
beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty
menopause
graudal ending of mensturation
mensturation
monthly shedding of teh uterine lining. menses (Latin, mens, month) is the normal flow of blood and tissue that occurs during mensturation
myometrium
muscle layer lining the uterus
neonatology
branch of medicine that concentrates on the care of the newborn
obstetrics
branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice
an oepning
ovary
one of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. ovareis are almond-shaped, about eh szie of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones.
ovulation
release of the ovum from teh ovary
ovum (plural: ova)
egg cell; female gamete
parturition
act of giving birth
perineum
in females, the area between teh anus and the vagina
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of teh brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovareis
placenta
vascular organ that devleops during pregnancy in the uterine wall. It is a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
pregnancy
growth adn developmental process in a woman from fertilization through embryonic and fetal periods to birth; gestation
progesterone
hormone produced by the corpus leteum in teh ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
carcinoma of the cervix
malignant cells of within teh cervix (cerival cancer)
puberty
period of life when teha bility to reproduce beings; secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
uterine serosa
outermost layer surroudning the uterus
uterus
hollow, pear-shaped msuclar female organ in which the embryo develops and from whcih mensturation occurs. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lower, neck portion is the cervix
vagina
tube extending from teh uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva
external genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris
cervictiis
inflammation of the cervix
carincoma of the endometrium (endometrial cancer)
malignant tumor the uterus(adenocarcinoma)
endometriosis
endometrial tissue is foudn in abnormal locations, includign the ovaries, fallopian tubes, supporting ligaments, or small intestine
fibroids
benign tumors in teh uterus
ovarian carcinoma
malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma)
ovarian cysts
collection of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
inflammation fo the pelvic region; salpingitis
carcinoma of teh breast
malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)
fibrocystic disease
small sacs of tissue and fluid in the breast