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11 Cards in this Set

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Process of Building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials.
anabolism
Process of breaking down complex materials (food) to form simpler substances and release energy.
catabolism
Structure surrounding and protecting the cell. It determines what enters and leeaves the cell.
cell membrane
Rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes. There are 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in every cell except for the egg & sperm cells, which contain only 23 individual, unpaired chomosomes.
chromosomes
All the material that is ouside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane.
cytoplasm
Chemical found within each chromosome. Arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of the cell
D N A
Structure (canals) within the cytoplasm. Site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces.
endoplasmic reticulum
Regions of DNA within each chromosome.
genes
Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. The chromosomes are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure.
karyotype
The total of the chemical process in a cell. It includes both catabolism and anobolism.
mitochondria
Control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell.
nucleus