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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Society of Cincinnati
secret hereditary order by Continental Army officers
Held ideas close to traditional Britain.
American Revolution or Evolution
Most states reduce prop holding requirements for voting
social democ. stimulated by growth of trade organization for artisans and laborers
primogeniture eliminated
Quakers in PA
Founded world's first anti-slavery society in 1775
Egalitarian movement of Revolution
abolition of slave trade
early abolition
north abolished emancipation
south of PA - no abolition
No property, jobs, education of children, interracial marriage
why slavery not addressed in constitution
founding fathers felt it may fracture unity.
how constitution adress equality
states reduced prop-holding requirements
seperation of church & state
outcome of rev for white women
education expanse
What state constitutions for? Why made?
Call colonies to summon themselves as new states
rest sovereignty on people
guarantee freedom from legislature
condition of having state constitution (every year)
election of legislatures every year
weak exec & jud branches, legislative has full power
Why state capitals relocated west
under new state constitutions, poorer western farmers made more of an influence
relationship between french and US Revolution
people at first overjoyed
Federalists disgusted with bloodshed
Jeffersonians felt it necesary for freedom
Status of people at end of Rev (economically, socially)
America not socially united
British manufacturers sold cheap goods to make American industries suffer
People began to boycott British goods
Economic democracy vs political democracy
economic democracy more portant to citizens
greatest strength of US after revolution
2nd continental congress
made of ambassadors from 13 states
no authority - some control over military and foreign policy
articles of conf
deafted by congress in 1777
no exec branch (no leader)
weak congress - no enforcing commerce or tax
unanimous vote for amendments
1 vote each state in judicial
States too much power
issue in ratifying Articles
unanimous approval required
6 states jealous for land
land-blessed states sell to pay off debts
states without have to tax
land ordinance of 1785
western lands sold by congress to benefit whole nation
Settled by pioneering farmers - towns 6 miles square
36 sections - 1 for public school
match with problems with US foreign relations: Britain, Spain, France, Barbary Coast
Britain - refused to repeal navigation laws. Closed trading to U.S.
Spain - closed Mississippi River to American commerce. Claimed large area near Gulf of Mexico
France - demanded payments of U.S. debts
Barbary Coast - pirates, ravaged U.S. ships. America too weak to stop.
Spain & Britain after Revolution War
encouraged indian tribes to be restless, prevented U.S. from controlling half the territory
Shay's Rebellion - how provoked, result
MA backcountry farmers losing farms through unpain loans & taxes
wealthy citizens formed small army to stop
amendment "states' rights amendment"
Hamilton and financial program
loyalty to U.S. questioned
Urged fed gov't to assume debts and pay them off, then assume state debts
More people gov't owed money, more people cared about U.S.
Proposed custom duties (excise), low tariff (8%) on dutiably imports
Another excise tax on whiskey
Proposed national bank that won
circulate cash to stimulate business & print money (national currency)
which following pairs not directly related:
implied powers, necessary proper clause
strict construction, 10th amendment
loose construction, elastic clause
state's rights, loose construction
necessary & proper clause, invested powers
state's rigths, loose construction - one is state-related, one fed-related
Whiskey Rebellion
fed-up farmers revolt against excise tax
liquor often used as currency
militia of 13,000 ran them out - killing 3
founding fathers & political parties
founding fathers had not seen the coming political parties. Wigs and Feds were only groups.
Madison and Jefferson - Democratic-Republicans
Hamilton - Federalist
Hamilton & Jefferson - Public Policies
Hamilton - fed funds stimulate business by circulating and national currency
Jefferson - no authorization in constitution for financial power and states had power over banks
Event in 1790s affect American political and social life most
After Washington's first term, two parties evolved: Jeffersonians & Hamiltonians
Feds, Anti-feds, Torys, Whigs - why and who formed
formed against certain issues and then faded
Franco-American alliance of 1778
infinite alliance bounding U.S. to help French defend West Indies.
Jeffersonians wanted to favor alliance
Hamiltonians wanted to avoid war
Washington's Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
Made cause war had to be avoided when military weak, economy wobbly, & politically disunited
Proclaimed gov't as officially neutral on conflict with Britain and France.
Jeffersonians angry it didnt go through congress
Favored france cause west indies needed yankee foods.
Chronological Order:
XYZ Affair
Jay's Treaty
Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions
Neutrality Proclamation
Neutrality Proclamation (1793)
Jay's Treaty (1794)
XYZ Affair (1797)
Kentucky & Virginia Resolutions (1799)
Major problem facing America in first quater century
Indians and their close connections with Britain
Treaty of Grenville
Army routed the Miamis at battle of fallen timbers, britian refused to shelter fleeing indians
Confederacy gave up lots of old northwest
Indians got money annually, right to hunt, and recognition of sovereign status.
Miami Confederacy
Eight Indian nations allied to terrorize Americans invading lands (Great Lakes)
John Adams & Feds
Broke alliance with France and prepared for war
No declaration of war; built up forces
Pushed Alien & Sedition Acts
Changed time for citizenship from 5 to 14yrs
Election of 1800
Feds have enemies from Alien & Sedition Acts
Feds most damaged by Adams not declaring war - spent lots but did nothing
Rumors about Jefferson
Jefferson won - tying Aaron Burr
House of Reps decided Jefferson - persuaded by Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
Said Americans a mixture of all parties
unconventional - sloppy attire
2 jeffersons: private citizen who philosophized, harrassed public official disocvering philosophy works differently in politics
Dismissed few fed officials
Disunited party
paroned people under sedition act & ended excise tax
Louisiana Godsend
Napoleon induced king of Spain to cede Louisiana territory to France
Spaniards withdrew right to deposit guaranteed in treaty of 1795
Jefferson sent James Monroe to buy New Orleans for no more than $10 mill
Napoleon offered to sell New Orleans and all land west for $15 million
Embargo Act
Forbade export of all goods from U.S.
Lots of people out of the job.
Illegal trade mushroomed.
Congress repealed act, replacing with Non-Intercourse Act - no trade with France or England
Embargo failed: 1) British had little dependance on British goods and 2) embargo didnt last long enough
John Marshall
Cousin of Jefferson
Appointed chief justice by Judiciary Act of 1801, but not removed by Jefferson
Lifelong Federalist after suffering in Valley Forge
Marbury Vs. Madison
William Marbury, made judge in Judiciary Act, sued Madison when he decided to kick Marubry out.
Marshall dismissed case, claiming Judiciary Act was unconstitutional, meaning the Supreme Court (infested with Federalists) had to review.
Chronological Order:
Chesapeake Incident
Embargo Act
Louisiana Purchase
Burr's trial for treason
Louisiana Purchase (1803)
Burr's Trial for Treason (1806)
Chesapeake Incident (1807)
Embargo Act (late 1807)