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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
stage of treatment typically started with an assessment to determine the appropriate intervention, treatment, and stabilization
active treatment phase
stage of treatment that primarily addresses acute problems and that may include emergency treatment, detoxification, withdrawal, and/or screening to determine the need for future treatment
acute treatment stage
process by which the nature and extent of the problem is objectively evaluated, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the individual who has the problem
explanation of problems based on teh belief that they are caused by genetics or a malfunction in the body
biological models
type of treatment employing various physical agents or procedures to induce a change in the biology of the individual
biophysical treatment
treatment of short duration
brief intervention
decision-making and guidance pertaining to directing individuals through the complex treatment process, as well as acting as their advocates with the numerous service providers that they will encounter
case management
educational approaches that focus on multiple parts of a person: how they think and feel about things, their physical health and well-being, their knowledge and skills, their approach to learning, etc.
confluent education movement
observational and experimental data on a phenomenon, as contrasted with opinion or belief
empirical evidence
using information based on earlier experience as a base to adjust and redirect one's current behavior and goals; in clinical contexts, using knowledge of outcome from previous experience to assist in selecting the most appropriate treatment for others who may have similar characteristics
the end toward which effort is directed
detection of people with alcohol and other drug problems through systematic screening
model that combines several "single-theory" models (e.g. moral, spiritual, biological, psychological, and sociological) into a comprehensive explanatory structure
integrative model
continuing care after formal treatment has ended; interventions or strategies to ensure continued recovery
maintenance stage
selecting from among the treatment options available those most likely to be effective in a given case
the kind of treatment to be provided
a concept asserting that the excessive use of alcohol or other drugs is morally repugnant, and that the individual needs to exert his or her will to avoid this kind of behavior
moral model
odetermining whether a treatment intervention provided produced its desired effect(s) after the treatment is completed
outcome evaluation
promotion of intervention or educational services to populations who are not currently in the treatment system; searching to find those clinically in need, who are either not aware of the problem, or simply need a contact in order for help to be provided
outreach or case finding
the use of medications of various kinds to assist an individual to overcome alcohol or other drug problems
pharmacological treatments
in terms of treatment, the basic view of the problem being treated
promotion of health and resilience to reduce or eliminate conditions of risk before the problem behaviors start
primary (first-level) prevention
the individual or program giving treatment
concept that relates alcohol and drug problems to the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of the individual
psychological model
treatments that influence people through (a) talking and other forms of interaction that convey various feelings and thoughts, or (b) that focus on the regulation and change of specific behaviors that are a part of the alcohol and other drug-taking event
psychological treatment
model that considers a problem in terms of the host (afflicted person), agent (drug), and environment; it considers all interventions on a spectrum of prevention
public health approach
trial in which all the individuals exhibiting a particular kind of problem are assigned by a coin flip or other "chance" procedure to different treatment conditions: treatment condition(s) and comparison ("control", or no treatment) condition(s)
randomized controlled trial
a recommendation that a client seek help, evaluation, or treatment from another provider; frequently, involves a recommendation for specilized treatment for individuals with substantial or severe problems often after brief intervention has proven ineffective
characteristics which are statistically correlated with the later appearance of a problem, which may be the basis for identifying a high-risk population in need of early intervention; may also be causes of the later difficulty, but they are present before the problem is obvious
risk factors
prevention that strives to identify a problem or pathology at its earliest stages, but after it has already shown up as trouble
second (second-level) prevention
the spatial and temporal arrangements in which treatment occurs
concept that relates the use of alcohol and other drugs to social circumstance and tradition
sociocultural model
treatments that exercise their influence by exposing the individual to particular social settings
sociocultural treatments
conceptual frameworks asserting that alcohol and other drug problems may occur in individuals who lack a sense of ultimate meaning or purpose in their lives
spiritual and existential model
part of the active treatment stage; maintaining the individual at the level where he or she can cope with their alcohol or other drug problems
the view that particular interventions are most appropriately carried out during the acute, active, or maintenance stages of treatment
stage specificity
the specific means by which a treatment achieves its effect
the focus of a given treatment
activities targeting persons or situations in which the problems of concern have already developed, to reduce the long-term effects of the problems; long-term treatment and rehabilitation
tertiary (third-level) prevention
the duration of treatment