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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Clear layer of epidermis consisting of transparent cells
Stratum Lucidum
congenital leukoderma or absence of melanin pigment of the body, including the skin, hair, and eyes
Albinism
itchy, swollen lesion that lasts only a few hours; caused by a blow, the bite of an insect, urticaria, or the sting of a nettle
Wheal
sebaceous cyst or fatty tumor
Steatoma
cutaneous outgrowth of the skin
Skin Tag
protein base similar to collagen that forms elastic tissue
Elastin
change in pigmentation of skin caused by exposure to the sun or ultraviolet rays
Tan
largest organ of the body
The Skin
crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis, such as chapped hands or lips
Fissure
deficiency in perspiration, often result of fever or certain skin diseases
Anhidrosis
thick scar resulting from excessive growth of fibrous tissue
Keloid
abnormal growth of the skin
Hypertrophy
blackheads
Comedones
dead cells that form over a wound or blemish while healing; scab
Crust
the epidermis
Cuticle or Scarf Skin
abnormal sac containing fluid above and below the skin
Cyst
other names for dermis
Derma, Corium, Cutis, True Skin
inflammatory condition of the skin
Dermatitis
an eruptive skin infection caused by contact with irritating substances such as chemical or tints
Dermatitis Venenata
skin sore or abrasion produced by scratching or scraping
Excoriation
coiled base of sudoriferous (sweat) glands
Fundus
skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands from retained secretions
Acne
skin disorder characterized by light abnormal patches; caused by bum or congenital disease that destorys the pigment-producing cells
Leukoderma
fibrous protein that gives the skin form & strength
Collagen
condition characterized by increased pigmentation on the skin, in spots that are not elevated
Chloasma
deepest layer of epidermis responsible for growth
Stratum Germinativum
type of skin cancer more serious than basal cell carcinoma; often characterized by scaly red papules or nodules
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
the outermost layer of the skin
Epidermis
fever blister or cold sore
Herpes Simplex
small or large malformation of the skin due to abnormal pigmentation or dialated capillaries; birthmark
Nevus
Lies directly beneath epidermis and contains small, cone-shaped projections of elastic tissue pointing upward
Papillary Layer
pimple
Papule
skin disease characterized by red patches; covered with white-silver scales usually found on scalp, elbows, knees, chest, and lower back
Psoriasis
an inflamed pimple containing pus
Pustule
horny, outer layer of the epidermis
Stratum Corneum
most serious form of skin cancer; often characterized by black or dark brown patches on the skin that may appear uneven in texture, jagged, or raised
Malignant Melanoma
Granular layer of epidermis
Stratus Granulosum
abnormal cell mass, varying in size, shape, and color
Tumor
open lesion on the skin or mucous membrane of the body, accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth
Ulcer
a medical skin specialist
Dermatologist
study of skin, its nature, structure, functions, diseases, and treatments
Dermatology
whiteheads
Milia
this layer supplies skin with oxygen and nutrients
Reticular Layer
most common and least severe type of skin cancer; often characterized by light or pearly nodules
Basal Cell Carcinoma
freckles
Lentigines
small blister or sac containing clear fluid, lying within
Vesicle
fatty layer supplies skin with oxygen and nutrients
Subcutaneous Layer
tiny grains of pigment deposited in the stratum germinativum of the epidermis & the papillary layers of the dermis
Melanin
chronic congestion appearing primarily on the cheeks and nose, characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels, and the formation of papules & pustules
Rosacea
condition of dry, scaly skin due to deficiency or absence of sebum; caused by old age and by exposure to cold
Asteatosis
Foul-smelling perspiration, usually noticeable in the armpits or on the feet
Bromhidrosis
large blister containing a watery fluid; similar to a vesicle but larger
Bulla
milky-white spots (leukoderma) of the skin; acquired condition
Vitiligo
excessive sweating, caused by heat or general body weakness
Hyperhidrosis
inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, presenting many forms of dry or moist lesions
Eczema
small, discolored patch; freckle
Macula
6 Functions of the skin
Heat Regulation, Secretion, Absorbtion, Protection, Sensation, Excretion
prickly heat; acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands
Milaria Rubra
small, brownish spot or blemish on the skin
Mole
specialist in cleansing, preservation of health, and beautification of the skin & body
Esthetician
skin condition caused by an abnormal increase of secretion from the sebaceous glands
Seborrhea
oil glands
Sebaceous Glands
Light-colored, slightly raised mark on the skin formed afer an injury or lesion
Scar
any thin plate of epidermal flakes, dry or oily, such as abnormal or excessive dandruff
Scale
underlying, or inner layer of skin
Dermis
acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on hands & feet
Keratoma
sweat glands
Sudoriferous Glands
abnormal rounded, solid lump above, within, or under the skin
Tubercle
abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular and irregular shape
Stain