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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the number of births per year for every 1000 people
birthrate
the number of deaths per year for every 1000 people
death rate
growth rate of populatio; the difference between birthrate and death rate
natural increase
the movement of people from place to place
migration
the model that uses birthrates and death rates to show changes in the population trends of a country or region
demographic transition
the number of years it takes a population to double in size
doubling time
the pattern of population in a country a continent or the world
population distribution
the average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer
population density
way of life of a group of people who share belief and similar customs
culture
group of related languages that all have developed from one earlier language
language family
group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or a combination of such characteristics
ethnic group
division of the Earth based on a variety of factors, including government, social groups, economic systems, language, or religion
culture region
the spread of new knowledge and skills from one culture to another
cultural diffusion
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
cultural health
a gov. in which all key powers are given to the national or central gov.
unitary system
form of gov. in which powers are divided between the national gov. and the state or provincal gov.
federal system
gov. in which one person rules with unlimited power and authority
autocracy
a form of autocracy with a heredity king or queen exercising supreme power
monarchy
system of gov. in which a small group holds power
oligarchy
any system of gov. in which leaders rule with consent of the citizens
democracy
a system in which tradition and custom control all economic activity; exists in only a few parts of the world today
traditional economy
an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices, are determined by supply and demand
market economy
a system of resource management in which the gov. supports and regulates enterprise through decisions that affect the marketplace
mixed economy
system of resource mangement in which decisons about production and distribution of goods and services are made by a central authority
command economy
substance from the earth that is not made by people but can be used by them
natural resources
transition from an agricultural society to one based on industry
industialization
country that has a great deal of technology and manufacturing
devolped country
a country that has begun transitioning from primarily agricultural to primarily manufacturing and industry activity
newly industrilized country
country in the process of becoming industrialized
developing counrty
the removal of trade barriers so that goods can flow freely between countries
free trade
the existence of impure, unclean, or poisonous substances in the air, water, or land
pollution