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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening or tubular structure
pediatric patients differ from each other according to what?
age, body weight, and physiological development
neonate normal heart rate
120 bpm
neonate age
birth to 1 month
3 major surgical groups
congenital anomalies, systemic organ infections malignant tumors benign lesions, and trauma or accidental injury
why is airway management a priority?
b/c of the smaller diameter of the trachea
if cold stress, hypoglycemia, hypovolemia, or sepsis occurs,
prone to respiratory arrest
what heart rate can under 1 years old tolerate without hemodynamic consequence
why do children suffer heat loss?
have a larger surface area in relation to body size
the resting metabolic rate of an infant is what?
2 to 3 times that of an adult
why should instruments never be laid on top of the pediatric patient?
they could restrict circulation to the area or cause bruising
what dressings are used?
topical skin adhesive, or collodion, used with steri-strips
performed to restore the normal nasal passage and prevent damage to growing structures that are important in facial development
choana atresia
technique for choanal atresia that produces excellent exposure and has a high rate but requires more operative time
transpalatal repair
increased blood loss, and risk of palatal fistula, palatal dysfunction, and maxillofacial growth disturbance are drawbacks of this procedure
choanal atresia transpalatal repair
abnormality that usually results from the incomplete closure of the brachial plate between the cleft and pouch
branchial cleft cyst
can contain other dermal structures such as hair follicles, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands
branchial cleft cyst
what else is excised along with the thyroglossal duct cyst?
thyroglossal tract up to the base of the tongue
freely movable cystic mass that lies high in the neck at the midline and is attached to the base of the tongue
thyroglossal duct cyst
most common malformation of the thyroid that requires surgical intervention
thyroglossal duct cyst
what incision is made during a thyroglossal duct cyst?
center of the neck along the natural skin crease near the cyst
abnormal opening between the trachea and esophagus
tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF)
during a TEF, what is used for postoperative feeding?
small gastrostomy feeding tube
wilms tumor is also called
pediatric adenosarcoma
for wilms tumor, what kind of incision?
midline abdominal
the vomitus usually does not contain bile because why? (pyloromyotomy)
obstruction occurs proximal to the ampulla of vatar
an abdominal wall defect caused by the failure of the abdominal wall to develop just to the right of the umbilical ring
what is placed for decompression of the gastrointestinal tract during gastroschisis
an orogastric tube
congenital malformation in which various amounts of abdominal contents protrude into the base of the umbilical cord. covered by a clear sac or membrane
what is not used as an anesthetic agent because it makes it harder to replace abdominal content back into the belly during an omphalocele repair?
nitrous oxide
a segment of the colon or rectum lacks the necessary ganglion cells, resulting in reduced tone and reduced or absent peristalsis proximally
Hirschsprung's disease
diagnosis of hirschsprung's disease is confirmed by what?
rectal biopsy
telescoping of one portion of the intestines into the other
performed to relieve intestinal obstruction by untwisting
reduction of valvulus
when does the central part of the intestines normally rotate into its final position
10th week of pregnancy
what is usually performed for a high imperforate anus
surgical correction of an undescended testicle
condition characterized by fusion of the fingers or toes
most common form of syndactylism
symmetric webbing in two hands