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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why did the population grow prior to the industrial revolution?
reliable food supplies and widespread resistance to disease
The result of the population was migration from ______ to ______and____ to_____.
city to country and country to city
What was the "putting out" system?
merchants delivering raw materials to craftspeople and picking up the finished product.
Give 3 reasons that Britain had a head start on the industrial revolution.
it was the world's leading exporter of tools, guns, and hardware-it had the largest merchant marine-it was highly commercial and many people were involoved in production and trade
What made Josaih Wedgewood's innovations in porcelain possible?
mass production methods
the first mechanized product was _____
cotton cloth
Why did england begin importing raw cotton?
b/c the wool lobby banned impotation of cotton cloth
Name two inventions that were developed to weave cotton textiles.
the spinning jenny and the water frame
What discovery by Abraham Darby transformed iron production?
that coke could be used in place of charcoal in the smelting process
What was the crystal palace?
a huge greenhouse made entirely of iron and glass
What is James Watt famous for?
steam engine
Initially, why did oceangoing ships not use steam power?
they could not carry enough coal for a voyage
What invention revolutionized communication during the industrial revolution?
the electric telegraph
Name 3 problems the urban poor lived with.
overcrowded tenements- an atmosphere of filth, pollution, and sewage- danger of various diseases
The industrial revolutionbrought about what ecological change?
deforestation
explain the impact of industrial work on families. ( include childresn )
work was removed from the home and family members were seperated all day
who was Francis Cabot Lowell? whta did he do?
opened his factories with a commitment to decent wages and housing, but eventually, lowered wages and imposed longer hours.
who were the real beneficiaries of the industrial revolution?
the middle class
explain the "cult of domesticity"
when the role of middle class womenbecame to manage the home, children, and servants.
What does Adam Smith propose is the wealth of nations?
the government should refrain from interfering in business
what were the Britains referring to when they spoke of the "dismal science?"
economics
what was the positivism?
to address the misery of the poor
What did the factory act of 1833 state?
it prohibited textile mills from employing workers under the age of 9.
What motivated Egypt to industrialize?
in order to become less dependent on the ottamon empire
what was Thomas Malthus' explanation of worker's misfortune?
that the population was outgrowing the food supply
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