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120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-ism
process
-ior
pertaining to
sacr/o
sacrum
abdomin/o
abdomen
(region below the chest containing internal organs)
spin/o
spine, backbone
-ose
pertaining to, full of
-type
picture, classifacation
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
chondr/o
cartilage
(type of connective tissue)
omphal/o
umbillicus (naval)
ventr/o
belly side of the body
viscer/o
internal organs
-eal
pertaining to
uterus
-the womb
-organ that holds the embryo and fetus as it develops
pleura
a double layered membrane surrounding each lung, and adjacent to the chest wall muscles
thyroid gland
endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
dorsal
-posterior
-pertaining to the back
peritoneum
membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen.
cranial cavity
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull.
abdominal cavity
-space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gall bladder, and intestines.
-also called the abdomen.
-somes
bodies
meta-
change
inter-
between
cata-
down
ana-
up
deep
away from the surface
ureter
one of two tubes, each leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder.
anabolism
-building process
-process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials.
catabolism
process of breaking down complex materials (food) to form simpler substances and release energy.
adipose tissue
collection of fat cells
urethra
tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.
histologist
one who specializes in the study of tissues.
pituitary gland
endocrine gland at the base of the brain
pharynx
throat
larynx
-voice box
-located at the upper part of the trachea
cartilage
flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints.
vertebr/o
vertebrae, backbones
lumbar
-loin (waist) region, (L1-L5)
-also called flank region
-between ribs and hip bone
sacral
-region of the sacrum, (S1-S5)
-S1 to S5 are fused to form one bonem the sacrum
body cavity
space within the body that contains internal organs. (visceral)
thoracic
-chest region, (T1-T12)
-each bone is joined to a rib
cytoplasm
material outside the nucleus but within the cell membrane
medi/o
middle
proxim/o
nearest
coccyg/o
-tailbone (coccyx)
-composed of four fused pieces.
later/o
side
nerve cell
may be long and have various fibrous extensions that aid in its job of carrying impulses.
fat cell
contains large, empty spaces for fat storage.
DNA
-chemical found within each chromosone
-arranged like a sequence of recipies in code, it directs the activities of the cell.
epithelial cell
skin cells that cover the external body surface and line internal surfaces of organs.
trachea
-windpipe
-tube leading from the throat to the bronchial tubes.
inguin/o
groin
bol/o
to cast; throw
dors/o
back portion of the body
ili/o
ilium (part of the backbone)
kary/o
nucleus
anterior
(ventral)
front side of the body
thorac/o
chest
cercical
neck region, (C1-C7)
distal
far from the point of attachment.
anter/o
front
adip/o
fat
muscle tissue
-voluntary muscle found in arms and legs and parts of the body where movement in under conscious control.

-involuntary muscle, heart and digestive systems, allows movement that is not under conscious control.
nerve tissue
conducts impulses all over the body.
connective tissue
-fat (adipose tissue)
-cartilage, bone, and blood.
epithelial tissue
-located all over the body.
-forms the linings of the internal organs and the outer surface of the skin covering the body.
endoplasmic reticulum
-cannals within the cytoplasm where large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces.

-Ribosomes are found here.
hypochondriac
upper right and left regions below the cartilage of the ribs that extend over the abdomen.
epigastric
upper middle region above the stomach.
lumbar
middle right and left regions near the waist.
thel/o
nipple
muscle cell
-long and slender.
-contains fibers that aid in contracting and relaxing.
chromosomes
-rod shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes.
-46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in every cell except egg and sperm, which have 23 individual, unpaired chromosomes.
hypogastric
lower middle region below the umbilical region.
mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs.
diaphragm
muscle separating the abdominal and thoratic cavities.
umbilical
central region near the naval.
inguinal
-lower right and left regions near the groin.

-also called iliac regions.
chrom/o
color
ventral
-anterior.
-pertaining to the front.
pelv/o
hip, pelvic cavity.
poster/o
back, behind
disk, (disc)
a pad of cartilage between vertebrae.
coccygeal
region of the coccyx (tailbone).
lumb/o
lower back.
nucle/o
nucleus
supine
-lying on the back.
-face up, palms up.
transverse plane
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions.
vertebrae
backbones
spinal cord
nervous tissue within the spinal cavity.
spinal column
bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity.
posterior (dorsal)
back side of the body.
superior
-cephalic.
-above another structure.
vertebra
a single backbone.
umbilic/o
umbilicus, naval.
prone
-lying on the belly.
-face down, palms down.
proximal
near the point of attachment.
mid sagittal plane
divides the body into right and left halves.
sagittal (lateral) plane.
lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides.
superficial
on the surface.
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions.
inferior
-caudal
-below another structure.
cell membrane
-structure surrounding and protecting the cell.

-determines what enters and leaves the cell.
crani/o
skull
dist/o
far, distant
cervic/o
neck of the body or uterus.
mitochondria
-structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy.

-produces energy by burning food in the presence of oxygen.
metabolism
-the sum of anabolism and catabolism
karyotype
-picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell.

-the chromosomes are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure.
genes
regions of DNA within each chromosome.
nucleus
-control center of a cell.

-contains chromosomes.

-directs the activities of the cell.
thoracic cavity
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other organs.
hist/o
tissue
RLQ
-right lower quadrant.

-contains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, and right ureter.
LUQ
-left upper quadrant.

-contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines.
RUQ
-right upper quadrant.

-contains the liver (right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines.
LLQ
-lower left quadrant.

-contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter.
spinal cavity
-space within the spinal column (backbones) and containing the spinal cord.

-also called the spinal canal.
pleural cavity
space between the pleaural membranes and surrounding each lung.
pelvic cavity
space below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs.