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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Middle layer of the earth made up of thick hot rock
mantle
melted rock
magma
large land areas
continents
Theory in geology that the earths crust is made up of huge, moving plates of rock
plate tectonics
cracks in the earth's crust
fault
violent shaking of the earth
earthquake
huge waves caused by an earthquakes on the ocean floor
tsunamis
process by which surface rocks are broken down into smaller pieces by water, chemicals, or frost.
weathering
weathering away the earth's surface by water, wind, and ice
erosion
flat landform whose surface is raised above the surrounding land, with a steep cliff on one side
plateau
a narrow piece of land that connects two larger pieces of land.
isthmus
a piece of land that is surrounded by water on 3 sides
peninsula
a narrow body of water between two pieces of land
strait
air surrounding the Earth
atmosphere
center layer of the earth, made of hot iron and nickel. Has two sections and inner and outer
core
outer layer of the earth
crust
A kind of land, such as a plain, hill, mountain, valley, peninsula, river, lake, or island
landforms
a body of land smaller than a continent and surrounded by water
island