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94 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
tonsillectomy
surgical removal of the tonsils
cyanosis
a blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen
erythrocytes
mature red blood cells
leukocytes
white blood cells
melanosis
any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in dofferent parts of hte body
poliomyelitis
a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord that may result in paralysis
neuroplasty
the surgical repair of a nerve
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve or nerves
gastroenteritis
an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
cranium
the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
gastrosis
any disease of the stomach
pathology
the study of disease
gastralgia
pain in the stomach
gastrodynia
pain in the stomach
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
arteriomalacia
the abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries
hepatomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the liver
arterionecrosis
tissue death of an artery or arteries
arteriosclerosis
abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries
arteriostenosis
abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries
abdominocentesis
surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
angiography
a radiographic (xray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium
angiogram
the film produced by angiography
myoplasty
the surgical repair of a muscle
endoscopy
the visual examination of the interior of a body cavity or organ by means of an endoscope
hemorrhage
the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time
myorrhaphy
the surgical suturing of a muscle wound
diarrhea
the flow of frequent loose or watery stools
myorrhexis
rupture of a muscle
prenatal
the time and events before birth
perinatal
the time and events surrounding birth
postnatal
the time and events after birth
abnormal
not normal, away from normal
addiction
drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance
dysfunctional
an organ or body part that is not working properly
euthyroid
a normally functioning thyroid gland
hypertension
higher than normal blood pressure
hypotension
lower than normal blood pressure
interstitial
between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
intramuscular
within the muscle
subcostal
below a rib or ribs
supracostal
above or outside the ribs
otorhinolaryngology
the study of the ears, nose, and throat
otolaryngology
the study of the ears and larynx or throat
lithotomy
a surgical incision for the removal of a stone; also the name of an examination position in which the patient is lying on the back with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix
phalanx
a bone of the fingers or toes
endarterial
pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
sign
objective evidence of disease; objective meaning the sign can be evaluated or measured by the patient or others
symptom
subjective evidence of a disease; subjective meaning the sign can be evaluated or measured only by the patient
syndrome
a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
diagnosis
the identification of a disease
differential diagnosis
attempts to determine which one of several diseases may be producing the symptoms
prognosis
a forecast or prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
acute
rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration
chronic
long duration, may be controlled but rarely cured
remission
the temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
eponym
a disease, structure, operation, or disease named for the person who discovered or described it first
acronym
a word formed from the initial letter or letters of the major parts of a compound term
atheroma
a fatty deposit within the wall of an artery
arthralgia
pain in a joint or joints
appendectomy
surgical removal of the appendix
colostomy
surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface
colotomy
surgical incision into the colon
fissure
a groove or crack-like sore of the skin; also describes normal folds in the contours of the brain
fistula
abnormal passage usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
ileum
part of the small intestine
ilium
part of the hip bone
infection
invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism; may remain localized or may be systemic (affecting the entire body)
inflammation
a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues; indications are redness, heat, swelling, and pain
laceration
a torn, ragged wound
lesion
a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
mucous
an adjective that describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities
mucus
a noun; the name of the fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
mycosis
any disease caused by a fungus
myelopathy
any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
myopathy
any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
gerontologist
a specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases, disorders, and problems associated with aging
neonatology
the study of disorders of the newborn
palpation
examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
palpitation
a pounding or racing heart
prostate
refers to a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
prostrate
to collapse and be lying flat, or to be overcome with exhaustion
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyoderma
any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection
pyrosis
heartburn; discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
supination
the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
suppuration
the formation or discharge of pus
triage
medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
trauma
wound or injury
viral
pertaining to a virus
virile
possessing masculine traits