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14 Cards in this Set

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William Wundt
-taught first university level psych course
-opened frist laboratory exclusively devoted to psychological studies
-Structuralism(basic elements that constitute the mind)
-studies involved introspection
-father of modern psychology
William James
-first American psychologist
-functionalist(the study of the function of the mind)
-inspired by Charles Darwin's natural selection
John Watson
-believed introspective studies were too vague
-Influenced by Ivan Pavlov
-Behaviorism(scientific study of objectively observable behavior)
-Stimulus-Response
-Mind is a black box
B.F. Skinner
-studied how outcomes of behavior affected future behavior
-new behaviorist
-developed principle of reinforcement(consequences of a behavior determine whether it be more or less likely to occur again)
Sigmund Freud
-theorized patient problems could be traced back to childhood experiences
-Unconscious mind(part of mind that operates outside conscious awareness but influences conscious thoughts, feelings, and actions)
-developed psychoanalytic theory(approach that emphasizes the importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts and behaviors)
-psychoanalysis
-conflict between biological instincts and societal rules
-stages of development and the role of early experience
Structuralism
The classification of mental structures. Relates to introspection
Behaviorism
The study of behavior and its environmental determinants
Bandura
Social Learning Theory
Parents and Teachers model behavior of daily life
Psychoanalysis
study of the unconscious aspects of the mind
Cognitive Psychology
The study of the mental processes involved in knowing
Frederic Bartlett
-memory researcher
-influenced by beliefs and attitudes
Neurobiological approaches
The study of the brain & nervous system & how they relate to behavior
Evolutionary Psychology
explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time by natural selection
Cross-Cultural approaches
Only understand behavior in the context of culture, ethnicity, and gender