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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is anatomy?
The study of body structure.
what is the difference between
Gross: You can see the structures with the naked eye. Microscopic: Structures are seen with the aid of a microscope.
Wha tis Physiology?
The study of living organisms and their parts.
What is pathology?
the study of disease.
What is pathophysiology?
Functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury.
What are the different life processes? Be able to describe each.
1. Responsiveness: Organisms resopnd to change in their immediate enviornment.
2. Growth: Organisms get larger over time.
3. Reproduction: Organisms reproduce
4. Movement: Extermal and internal movement
5. metabolism: the sum of all chemical reactions occuring in the body. ie. Catabolism and Anibolism
6. differentation: Cells become specialized. This happens through certain geans being turned off in our DNA.
What are the different levels of structural organization and how do they differ?
1. Chemical: Atoms arne the smallest form of matter.
2. Cellular: Cells are the structural and functional units of the body.
3. Tissue: A group of similar cells that function together to perform a spefic activity.
Organs: A group of simmilar tissue that function together to preform a specific function.
5. Systems: A group of organs that work together to perform a specific function.
6. Organism: the sum of all bodies systems.
What is Homeostasis?
The ability the body has to maintain equilibrium. Having a stable internal enviornment.
What are two systems that monitor and regulate homeostasis?
Teh nervous and endocrine systems.
What is a Negative feedback system?
The body has an ability to control internal ballance. If the body falls above or below ideal conditions it treigers an automatic response. an example would be blood pressure or insulin levels
What is a positive feedback system?
initial stimulus produces a response that reenforces that stimulus. A example would be blood cloting of contractions in child birth.
What is Hyperplasia?
when cells increase in numbers.
What is Hypertrophy?
a cell gets larger in width and diamater over time.
What does a Histologist study?
Studies Tissue
Name some examples of different forms of stress that may affect homeostasis?
Body Temp
Blood Sugar
Blood Pressure
Emotional Stimuli.