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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
adenosine triphospahte (ATP)
a principal chemical compound that cells use to store and release energy
photosynthesis
the process in whch plants use the energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into high-energy carbohydrates-- sugars and starches-- and oxygen, a waste product
pigments
light-absorbing molecules
clorophyll
plants' prinicple pigment
thylakoids
saclike photosynthetic membranes found in chloroplasts; arranged in stacks called grana
photosystems
light-collecting units of the chloroplast
stroma
the region outside of the thylakoid membrane; where the calvin cycle takes place
light-dependent reactions
reactions that require light
ATP synthase
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions that bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
Calvin Cycle
when plants use the energy that ATP and NADPH contain to build high-energy compounds that can be stored for a long time