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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Thomas Jefferson
Third president 1800.
Louisiana Purchase
All the land of the Louisiana Territory.
Napoleon Bonaparte
Forced Spain to give back the Louisiana Territory to France.
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Led the rebellion in the Santo Domingo which killed many French.
strict interpretation, of Constitution
Thomas Jefferson saw that the Constitution did not say a President may buy foreign land.
Lewis and Clark expedition
A scientific exploration of the trans-Mississippi west led by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Lieutenant Williams Clark. Funding was persuaded by Thomas Jefferson.
John Marshall
Was a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
judicial review
The power of the Supreme Court to overrule actions done by Congress and the President.
Marbury v. Madison
William Marbury, who had been appointed by President John Adams as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia but whose commission was not subsequently delivered. Marbury petitioned the Supreme Court to force Secretary of State James Madison to deliver the documents, but the court, with John Marshall as Chief Justice, denied Marbury's petition, holding that the part of the statute upon which he based his claim, the Judiciary Act of 1789, was unconstitutional.
Aaron Burr
Was a vice president and then denied a second term.
"Quids"
Aaron Burr's own party.
Barbary pirates
Pirates from the northern Barbary States. Stole merchant ships from the U.S. then stopped after being attacked by the U.S. Navy.
neutrality
Neutral ships were being stolen by the British and French.
impressment
The British were forcing U.S. sailors to be in their own navys.
Chesapeake-Leopard affair
The British warship Leopard attacked the U.S. warship Chesapeake of the coast of Virginia.
Embargo Act (1807)
Law passed by Congress that no U.S. merchant ships could go to foreign ports.
James Madison
Was nominated by Thomas Jefferson.
Nonintercourse Act (1809)
This act after the repeal of the Embargo Act now let U.S. merchants trade with every other country other than Britain or France.
Macon's Bill No. 2 (1810)
This act would restore trade with Britain and France only if they would respect the neutral U.S. merchant ships. The U.S. would then stop trade with the enemy counties of Britain and France.
Tecumseh; Prophet
One of the Shawnee twins tied to unite all the tribes east of the Mississippi.
William Henry Harrison
Governor of Indiana Territory.
Battle of Tippecanoe
General William Henry Harrison destroyed the Shawnee headquarters and stopped them from making a Indian confederacy.
war hawks
Young Republicans from the western frontier always wanting war with Britain.
Henry Clay
In the House of Representatives for Kentucky
John C. Calhoun
In the House of Representatives for South Carolina.
War of 1812
James Madison declared war against Britain in June Britain at the same time agreed to suspend its naval blockade.
"Old Ironsides"
The nickname to a U.S. warship called the Constitution.
Battle of Lake Erie
Probably the most important naval battle fought in 1813.
Oliver Hazard Perry
Captain when fighting in the Battle of Lake Erie.
War of 1812
Started because of lack of respect for neutrality laws and sea troubles from Britain.
"Old Ironsides"
A U.S. warship the "Constitution."
Battle of Lake Erie
In 1813 this naval battle stopped the British from invading New York and New England.
Oliver Hazard Parry
The 28 year old captain and fought in the Battle of Lake Erie.
Battle of the Thames River
Near Detroit after the Battle of Lake Erie.
Thomas Macdonough
A young naval captain who fought in Lkae Champlain battle.
Battle of Lake Champlain
This forced the British to retreat and not invade New York and New England.
Francis Scott Key, "The Star-Spangled Banner"
The song is written of the event of the British attempted to take Baltimore.
Andrew Jackson
A general.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Lead by Andrew Jackson that stopped the Creek nation, and opened more lands to white settlers.
Creek Nation
A native American tribe.
Battle of New Orleans
Victorious but meaningless since a treaty was signed two weeks later to end the war in Ghent, Belgium.
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
Was to stop war with Britain and the U.S. and gave all the land back to its owners and the prewar boundary was set again between Canada and the United States.
Hartford Convention (1814)
Was only talk about secession and other problems, but then calmed down once news of Thomas Jefferson victory and the Treaty of Ghent things calmed down in the New England states.