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63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Skull
Cranial
Facial Bones
Cranial
What are all of these part of:
frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, ethmoid, sphneoid
Sutures
Coronel
Sagittal
Lamboidal
Sqamosal
Coronel
Which suture is frontal/parietal?
Sagittal
Which suture is btwn the parietals?
Lamboidal
Which suture is Parietal/ Occipital
Sqamosal
Parietals/ temporal
Fontenels
In fetal skull only
Fontenels
Anterior
Posterior
Anterolateral (sphnoidal)
Posterolateral (mastoidal)
Anterior (frontal)
Which fontanel is btwn. the frontal and parietal
Posterior
Which fontanel is btwn. parietal and occipital
closes in 2 months after birth?
Anterolateral (sphnoidal)
Which fontenel is located btwn frontal, parietal, temporal, and sephnoid
Posterolateral (mastoidal)
Which fontanel is btwn. parietal, occipital, and temporal bones?
Frontal Bones
form forehead; the roofs of the eyesockets
Frontal Bones
Frontal squama, frontal eminence, frontal sinuses, glabella, Metopic Suture
Metopic (frontal) suture
Space in frontal bone; dense irr. conn. tissue, fills up by age 5-6
Parietal bone
Forms the greater portion of the sides and roof of the cranial cavity
Parietal bone
Superior sagittal sulcus
Superior sagittal sulcus
btwn right and left parietal bone
Temporal bone
form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor.
Temporal bone
Temporal squama, external acoustic (auditory) meatus (canal), internal auditory canal, petrous portion of temporal bone, Zygomatic Arch
Zygomatic arch
consists of the zygomatic process of the temporal bone and the temporal process
Sephnoid bone
greater wing
lesser wings
sella tucica
pteryoid processes
sphenoidal air sinuses
tuberculum sellae
hypophyseal pouch
dorsum sellae
posterior clinoid processes
sella turcica consist of ____.
hypophyseal pouch
protects pituitary gland
Occipital bone
foramen magnum, occipital condyles
Ethmoid bone
ethmoid sinuses
perpendicular plate
cribiform plate
olfactory formina
crista galli
superior and middle nasal concha
Facial bones
14
Nasal bones
meet at the midline and form part of the bridge of the nose
Maxillae
maxillary sinuses
palatine process
Patatine bones
horizontal plate
Zygomatic bones
called cheeck bones
Mandible
lower part of jaw, is the longest, strongest facial bone
Lacrimal bones
thin and roughly resemble a fingernail in size and shape
Inferior nasal concha (tubinates)
inferior to the midline nasal conchae of the ethmoid bone
Vomer
triangular bone on the floor of the nasal cavity that articulates superiorly with the perpendicular plates of the ethmoid bone and inferiorly with bone of maxillae and palatine
Hyoid Bone
A U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the muscles of the tongue.
Vertebral column
spine or backbone
makes up 2/5 of body height
Vertebral column
Cervical vertabrae
Atlas
Axis
Thoracic
Lumbar
Sacrum
Coccyx
Cervical vertabrae
Atlas
Axis
(7) in neck region
Atlas
The first cervical vertabra
supports head
a ring of bone with anterior and posterior arches and large lateral masses
Axis
odontoid process (dens)
Thoracic
12
larger and stronger than cervical vertebrae
tubercles
whole facets or demifacets on vertebral body with rib heads
vertebrocostal joits
facet for articular part of tubercle of rib
Lumbar
supports the lower back
5
Sacrum
1
consists of 5 fused vertebrae
Coccyx
1
consists of 4 fused vertebrae
Vertebral foramen
formed by vertebral arch of each individual vertebrae
Vertebral (spinal) canal
contains the spinal cord
Intervertabral foramen
formed by adjacent vertebrae (superior and inferior vertebral notches)
serves as exit for spinal nerves
Transverse foramen
in cervical Vertebrae artey, vein and nerve
Major formamina
Vertebral foramen
Vertebral (spinal) canal
Intervertabral foramen
Transverse foramen
Thorax
Sternum
Thoracic vertebrae
Ribs
Costal Cartilages
Sternum
manubrium
body
xiphoid process
Ribs
either facet or demifacet
articulate with thoracic vertebrae
Costal cartilages
1-7 pairs of ribs have direct anterior attachment to the sternum by a strip of hyaline cartilage
Ribs
give structural support to the sides of the thoracic cavity
Ribs
True (vertebrosternal) ribs
False ribs
Vertebrochondral ribs
Vertebral (floating ribs
True (vertebrosternal) ribs
1 - 7 The ribs that have costal cartilage and attach directly to the sternum
False ribs
5 ribs
The costal cartilage attaches INDIRECTLY to the sternum
Vertebrochondral ribs
8-10 pairs
Vertebral (floating) ribs
11-12 pairs