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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Individuals grouping together, usually of the same gender and age with similar social status and interests are commonly known as ________.
Which of the following is NOT true about peer groups in general?

a. They influence cognitive and psychological development.
b. They satisfy belonging needs.
c. They create negative peer pressure such as drug use.
d. They are often preferred over other groups.
e. They influence social development.
They create negative peer pressure such as drug use.
The concept of the " ________ self" refers to the idea that interacting with others supports the ways that we derive an opinion of ourselves.
Looking Glass
The sense of belonging first emerges in the context of the ________. In this early setting, the individual develops the feeling that he/she belongs when the mother holds, soothes, and meets the infant's needs.
Temperament would be an example of an influence of ________ while participation in organized sports would be an influence of ________ on socialization.
nature, nurture
Children who are ________ attached tend to approach others with positive expectations more readily than children with a difficult attachment history.
Children with ________ attachment are marked by histories of inadequate parenting where responses may support the development of negative expectations towards peers.
The ________ parenting style has been closely associated with children's social-behavioral competence and confidence.
Which of the following factors affect socialization in early childhood?

a. Parenting styles

b. All of these choices

c. Participation in a preschool program

d. Access to peers

e. Attachment to caregivers
b. all of these
Which parenting style is most likely to result in adolescents who are attracted to antisocial peer groups?
In ________ , opportunities for social interactions increase for the first time characterized by the fact that children's constant contact with one another is no longer dependent upon adults to facilitate the contact.
middle childhood
Peer relations for preschool children provide them with the opportunity to grapple with issues such as power, complacence, cooperation and conflict. Thus, peer relations in early childhood support the development of a sense of ________.
In ________ , the peer group is attractive because it provides opportunities for greater independence than does the family.
Ten-year-old Sally has several friends and is well-liked by many of her peers. It is likely that Sally is showing skills in:
social competence.
An understanding of self, relations between others and group roles and rules are all characteristics of:
social cognition.
Thirteen-year-old Jennifer believes that all of her junior high knows that she had a fight with her best friend over lunch. This is an example of:
imaginary audience
The fact that preadolescents tend to be clannish and cruel to others may be a reflection of ________ according to Erikson.
defense against identity confusion
Whether a child performs a behavior they have observed depends on which of the following?

a. Similarity of observed person to observer.

b. Ability to physically perform the behavior.

c. All of these choices.

d. Ability to understand behavior.

e. Situation of behavior - active vs. passive.
c. all of these choices
When peers demonstrate the approval of other's behavior (smiling, laughing, patting, hugging, verbalizing praise) they provide ________ behavior that increases the likelihood that the behavior of focus will reoccur.
________ are dominated by leaders. They are exclusive in nature, so that all members who desire membership are not accepted.