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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Task analysis
-An analysis of complex behavior
-and consequences of behavior
-into their component responses
Process vs. Product
-Sometimes you need to
-make reinforcers and feedback contingent on
-the component responses of the process,
-not just the product (outcome)
Response Topography
-The sequence (path of movement)
-form
-or location
-of components of a response
-relative to the rest of the body
Latency
-The time between
-the signal or opportunity for a response
-and the beginning of that response
Duration
-The time from
-the beginning
-to the end
-of a response
Response Dimensions
-The physical properties of a response

e.g. topography, latency, duration, force, pitch
Peculiar Professor
Only lectured on the right side. Class reinforced his lecturing on the left side by smiling at him. They looked away when he lectured from the right.
Response CLasses
A set of responses that either:
1. Are similar on at least one response dimension, or
2. Share the effects of reinforcement and punishment, or
3. Serve the same function (produce the same outcome)
The Differential-Reinforcement Procedure
-Reinforcing one set of responses
-and withholding reinforcement for another set of responses
Response differentiation
The reinforced response class occurs more frequently than the response class that is not reinforced, usually as a result of differential reinforcement
Nondirect therapy
States that the psychotherapist should just listen

Dr. Charles Truax showed that nondirectives were actually using differential reinforcement
Bobbie
Sid used modeling, feedback, and differential reinforcement to teach Bobbie how to acquire the male topography and appropriate response classes
Creative behavior
Porpoises
Four year old girls

Differential reinforcement for novel behavior
Sid's computer
Differential reinforcement by escape from an aversive condition (computer beeping)
Differential reinforcement vs reinforcement
Reinforcement: when we just want to increase the frequency of a response

Differential reinforcement: when a large response class is occurring at a high frequency, and we want to increase or maintain one subset of the responses, and decrease the frequency of another subset
Task analysis
-An analysis of complex behavior
-and consequences of behavior
-into their component responses
Process vs. Product
-Sometimes you need to
-make reinforcers and feedback contingent on
-the component responses of the process,
-not just the product (outcome)
Response Topography
-The sequence (path of movement)
-form
-or location
-of components of a response
-relative to the rest of the body
Latency
-The time between
-the signal or opportunity for a response
-and the beginning of that response
Duration
-The time from
-the beginning
-to the end
-of a response
Response Dimensions
-The physical properties of a response

e.g. topography, latency, duration, force, pitch
Peculiar Professor
Only lectured on the right side. Class reinforced his lecturing on the left side by smiling at him. They looked away when he lectured from the right.
Response CLasses
A set of responses that either:
1. Are similar on at least one response dimension, or
2. Share the effects of reinforcement and punishment, or
3. Serve the same function (produce the same outcome)
The Differential-Reinforcement Procedure
-Reinforcing one set of responses
-and withholding reinforcement for another set of responses
Response differentiation
The reinforced response class occurs more frequently than the response class that is not reinforced, usually as a result of differential reinforcement
Nondirect therapy
States that the psychotherapist should just listen

Dr. Charles Truax showed that nondirectives were actually using differential reinforcement
Bobbie
Sid used modeling, feedback, and differential reinforcement to teach Bobbie how to acquire the male topography and appropriate response classes
Creative behavior
Porpoises
Four year old girls

Differential reinforcement for novel behavior
Sid's computer
Differential reinforcement by escape from an aversive condition (computer beeping)
Differential reinforcement vs reinforcement
Reinforcement: when we just want to increase the frequency of a response

Differential reinforcement: when a large response class is occurring at a high frequency, and we want to increase or maintain one subset of the responses, and decrease the frequency of another subset
Positive practice
repeating the correct response after making an incorrect response
Differential punishment procedure
-Punishing one set of responses
-and witholding punishment of another set of responses
Variable-time stimulus presentation
-The presentation of a stimulus,
-with variable periods of time between presentations,
-independent of the occurrence of a response
Single-subject research design
-The entire experiment is conducted with a single subject
-though it may be replicated with several other subjects
Group research design
-The experiment is conducted with at least two groups of subjects
-and the data are usually presented in terms of the mean (average)
-of the performance of all subjects
-combined for each group
Control group
-A group of subjects
-not exposed to the presumed crucial value of the IV
Experimental Group
-A group of subjects
-exposed to the presumed crucial value of the IV