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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
critical elections
electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge, new coalitions form; marked by a national crisis
party realignment
displacement of a majority party by a minority party, usually during a critical election period
PAC
political action committee- political funding vehicles created by 1974 campaign finance reforms
primaries (3 types)
open- voters can decide on election day which party to vote for
closed- voters have to register in advance to vote for a certain party
blanket- voters are given a list of all candidates from all parties
party dealignment
more people do not identify themselves as part of a certain party
linkage instutions
channels through which people's concerns become part of the policy agenda (interest groups, media, parties, elections)
liberal v. conservative beliefs
LIBERAL- spend less on military, tax rich more, govt. regulates economy
CONSERVATIVE- military, oppose affirmative action, take severe action against criminals
political socialization
the process through which an individual acquires his particular political orientations (through media, parents, school)
types of interest groups (4)
economic, environmental, equality, public interest
public interest group
seek a collective good that does not solely benefit the members of that group
straight v. split ticket voting
straight- voting for the same party
split- voting for candidates of different parties on the same ticket
party eras
1796-1824: first party system (feds v. dem-reps)
1828-1856: Jackson + dems v. whigs
1860-1928: Repub. eras (Lincoln, McKinley)
1932-1964: New Deal Coalition (societal programs)
1968-present: divided party government
Polling
pros v. cons
PRO- policymakers can keep in touch with changing opinions on issues
CONS- makes politicians more concerned with following, not leading; can distort election process through bandwagon effect
winner-take-all system
legislative seats are awarded only to candidates who come in first in their constituencies; winner of pop. vote in state gets all electoral votes
census
tool for understanding demographic changes; reapportionment and minority majority
difference between parties and interest groups
policy generalists v. policy specialists!