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84 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the total knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors shared by and passed on by members of a group
culture
a group that shares a geographic region, a common language, and a sense of identity/culture
society
a group of people who share language, customs, and a common heritage
ethnic group
taking existing elements of society and creating something new to meet a need
innovation
the spread of ideas, inventions, or patterns of behavior to different societies
diffusion
the heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to other cultures.
cultural hearth
the culture change that occurs when individuals in a society accept or adopt and innovation
acculturation
a version of a language that reflects changes in speech patterns due to class, region, or cultural changes
dialect
the belif in a supernatural power or powersthat are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe, as well as the system of beliefs itself.
religion
the number of live births per total population, often expressed per thoudand population
birth rate
the average number of children a woman of childbearing years would have in her lifetime, if she had children at the current rate for her country
fertitity rate
the number of deaths per thousand
mortality rate
the number of deaths among infants under the age of one as measured per thousand live births
infant mortality rate
also called population growth rate- the rate at which population is growing, found by subtracting the mortality rate from the birth rate
rate of natural increase
a graphic device that showa gender and age distribution of a population
population pyramid
a factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region/a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
puah-pull factors
that average number number of people who live in a measurable area, reached by dividing the # of inhabitants in an area by the amount of land they occupy
population density
the # of organizms a piece of land can support without negative effects
carrying capacity
a political term describing an independant unit that occupies a specific territory and has full control of its internal and externam affairs
state
a group of people with a common culture living in a territory and having a stong sense of unity
nation
the name of a territory when a nation and state occupy the same territory
nation-state
a type of government in which citizens hold political power either directly or through elected representatives
democracy
a type of government in which a ruling family headed by a king or queen holds political power and may or may not share the power with citizen bodies
monarchy
a type of government in which an individual or a group holds complete political power
dictatorship
a system in which the government hold nearly all political power and the means of production
communism
having no outlet to the sea
landlocked
the study of how people use the space in cities
urban geography
an area that is the center of business and culture and has a large population
city
a political unit or community touching the borders of the central city or touching other suburbsthat touch the city
suburb
a functional area including a city and all its suburbs and exurbs, linked economically
metropolitan area
the dramatic rise in the number of cities and the changes in lifestyle that result
urbanization
the core of a city, which is almost always based on commercial activity
central business district(CBD)
the production and exchange of goods and services among a group of people
economy
the way people produce and exchange goods
economic system
the type of economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by a central government, which usually owns the means of production-also called a planned economy
command economy
a type of economic system in which the production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers-also called a demand economy or capitalism
market economy
a meterial on or in the earth, such as a tree, fish, or coal, that has economic value
natural resources
the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems
infastructure
the average amount of money earned by each person in a political unit
per capita income
the total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a period of time
gross national product(GnP)
the value of only goods and services produced within a country in a period of time
gross domestic product(GDP)
What makes up culture
food and shelter, religion, relationships, language, education, security and proctection, political social organization, creative expression
the movement of people on the planet
migration
the increasingly interconnected nature of worldwide trade and exchange 1economic2political3cultural
globalization
the importantaspect of culture that allows people to communicate
language
how many laguages are there today?
6000+
a place name that reflects past inhabitants and their relation to the land
toponym
1075 million speak this language
mandarin chinese
belief in one god
monotheistic
belief in many gods
polytheistic
belief in the divine forces of nature
animistic
oldest monotheistic, located in israel, called jews, based on torah, religious center is jerusalem
judaism
largest of all(2bill), evolved from judaism, based on christ, every continent, bible
christianity
oldest religion, 5000 years ago, 900mill+, india, ganges river=sacred, polytheistic, reincarnation
hinduism
fastest growing(1bill), Saudi arabia, koran, Sunni/Shiite, muhammad
islam
300mill, China/se asia, nepal, prince siddartha guatama, spiritual, thervada/manayana
buddhism
the process that is leading to increasingly large groups of people who claim no allegiance to any church, europe+us
secularization
the process leading to increasingly large groups of people claim one true way to worship and envision a return to a more perfect religion, us+islam
fundamentalism
the number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase
doubling time
e asia, s asia, se asia, europe, n america
do live
dry lands, wet lands, high lands, cold lands
don't live
China(1.299bil), india, us,etc.
most populated
the study of the interaction of geographical area and political process
political geography
Monaco
42, 649 most densely populated
Mongolia
4.5 least densely populated
a nation not having a territory
stateless nation
potential to become more powerful
large nations
impacts how easily it can be governed
shape
landlocked/sea
relative location
physical feature creates this
natural boundary
straight line
artificial boundary
study of how people use space in cities
urban geography
centers of business, pop, bithplace of change
cities
two or more metropolitain areas
megalopolis
good locations
ports
land use patterns
residential, industrial, and commercial
goods and services are traded without exchanging money/bartering
traditional economy
gathering raw materials
primary
manufaturing
secondary
sell
tertiary
provide info, management, technological services
quarternary
richest per capita income
Luxembourg
poorest per capita income
East Timor
highest groww domestic
us