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20 Cards in this Set

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berdache
in N.A. societies, a man or woman who dressed like, performed the duties of, and behaved like a member of the opposite sex
sex
the biological characteristics that distinguish men and women
gender
the social and cultural characteristics that distinguish women and men in a society
intersexual
a person who is born with ambiguous sexual organs
gestation
the nine-month development of the fetus inside the mother's uterus
biosocial approach (to gender differences)
the theory that gender identification and behavior are based in part on people's innate biological differences
social role
a pattern of behaviors associated with a position in society
gender roles
the different sets of behaviors that are commonly exhibited by women and men
socialization
the way in which one learns the ways of a given society or social group so that one can function within it
socialization approach (to gender differences)
the theory that gender identification and behavior are based on children's learning that they will be rewarded for the set of behaviors considered appropriate to their sex but not those appropriate to the other sex
peer group
a group of people who have roughly the same age and status as one another
psychoanalytic approach (to gender differences)
the theory that gender identification and behavior are based on children's unconscious internalization of the qualities of their same-sex parent
interactionist approach (to gender differences)
the theory that gender identification and behavior are based on the day-to-day behavior that reinforces gender distinctions
sex category
the sex that people assign to a person based on her or his socially recognized indicators of being a man or a woman
patriarchy
a social order based on the domination of women by men, especially in agricultural societies
sex-gender system
the transformation of the biological differences between women and men into a social order that supports male domination
capitalism
an economic system in which goods and services are privately produced and sold on a market for profit
socialism
an economic system in which the number and types of goods produced, and who they are distributed to, are decided by the government rather than by the actions of a market
comparable-worth discrimination
a situation in which women and men do different jobs of equivalent value in the same company but the women are paid less
masculinity
the set of personal characteristics that society defines as being typical of men