Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Block grants
$ from federal govt to states for certain areas, not specific programs
Categorical grants
Federal grants for specific purposes defined by federal law
Conditions of aid
Federal rules attached to grants that states recieve. States must abide those rules to recieve the grant.
Cooperative federalism
National/state/local govt cooperate to solve common problems
Scaling back size/activity of national govt by assigning domestic issues to the states.
Dual federalism
National govt is supreme in its sphere and states equally supreme in theirs.
Political system where ultimate authority is shared between central/state/local govts
Federal system
Sovereignity is shared - national supreme on some issues/ states+local on others
Gibbons vs Ogden
Clarification of inter/intrastate commerce: interstate commerce = almost everything. Resulted in stronger central power
Grants in aid
Federal funds provided to states/localties (for airports, education, highways)
Procedure alloweing voters to submit a law to popular vote by gaining signatures.
Rules imposed by federal govt on states; possibly for grant $
McCulloh vs Maryland
supremacy of national govt. Federal govt CAN make a national bank, and states cannot tax it.
states have the right to nullify federal law. Practice later made illegal by Supreme Court
Practice of submitting law to popular vote at election time.
Revenue sharing
Law providing distribution of federal tax revenues.
Unfunded mandates
When Congress passes laws that require expenses from states, but do not provide funds to meet them.
Unitary system.
Govt system where sovereignity is wholly in the hands of the national govt
Interstate commerce
Initially - transportation between states, but later, Supreme Court gives much wider definition - regulated by Congress
Intrastate commerce
Commerce within state - regulated by states (minority)
Necessary and proper clause
Article 1 Sec 8. authorizes Congress to pass all necessary/proper laws to carry out its power. Provides flexibility.
Police powers
Power of state to promote health/safety/morals
2nd order devolution
flow of power/responsibility from states to local govt
3rd order devolution
use of non-govt organizations to implement public policy
States rights
issue of final authority: states or national govt. Explained by 10th Amendment
10th Amendment
powers not delegated to national govt nor prohibited by it are reserved for the states.