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22 Cards in this Set

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Counterculture
Groups that reject the norms and values of dominant culure and have a distinctive way of life that is in conflict with dominant culture's norms and values. Ex: Hippies, white supremacists
Culture
The values, ideas, beliefs, behaviors, language, and material objects that form a people's distinctive way of life and are transmitted from one generation to the next.
Cultural relativism
The evaluation of the practices and customs of a culture by that culture's own standards
Culture Shock
The disorientation people feel when they are exposed to a way of life that is very different from their own
Cultural universals
Those customs, traits, and behaviors that occur in every known culture.
Ethnocentrism
The practice of evaluating other cultures by the values and standards of one's own culture.
Folkways
norms and customs of lesser moral significance that guide everyday interactions, and which may be violated without serious consequences
High Culture
Cultural patterns that distinguish a society's elite from the other classes in a society
Ideal Culture
The values a culture professes to be very important.
Incest Taboo
A cultural universal that forbids sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives.
Lnaguage
A set of symbols that allows people to think and communicate with each other
Laws
Formal norms created by a society's government that are punishable by official sanctions when violated.
Material Culture
The tangible objects that mambers of a society use, share, and create. EX: automobiles, cell phone, artwork
Mores
Nomrs of considerable moral significance that carry serious consequences if violated. EX: vows of marraige
Nonmaterial culture
The intangible parts of a society, such as ideas, values, beliefs, norms, and language, that shape peoples' behaviors
Norms
Specific rules that specify how someone is expected to act in a certain situation
Popular Culture
Cultural patterns that are widespread within the middle and working classes of a society.
Real Culture
The actual values embodied in the everyday behaviors of members of a specific culture
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
States that language shapes the specific way people understand, view, and interpret reality.
Subculture
A group of people that possess some cultural patterns that distinguishes it from the larger society
Symbol
Anything that carries a specific meaning recognized and understood by people in the same culture, including sounds, gestures, and written representations
Values
General evaluative standards by which members of a specific culture determine what is right or wrong, desirable or undesirable, and good or bad.