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94 Cards in this Set

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Municipal Bonds
Securities issued either by state or local government or by US territories, authorities, and special districts.
Doctrine of Reciprical Immunity
Established by the Supreme Court in 1895 to offer the benefit of favorable tax treatment for purchasers of municipal debt.
Manicipal security Range of time?
One year to 30 years
Sinking Fund Account
Issuers establish such accounts to accumulate funds to pay off term bonds at or before the established maturity date.
Dollar Bonds
Quoted by price (like corporate bonds) are also called Term Bonds
What does GO Bond Standfor and what type of bond is it?
General Obligation Bond: Municipal bonds issued for capital improvements that benefit the entire community.
What pays the interest and principal on GO bonds?
The municipal issuer tax's
Limited Tax GO bond
a bond secured by a specific tax. The risk is therefore higher than GO's with the full taxing power.
The term Coterminous
"living together"
term applies in the context of municipal securities, when two issuers overlap debt in the same geographic area.
Double Barrel Bonds
Revenue Bonds that have characteristics of GO's; however they are backed by the taxing powers.
Revenue Bonds
Used to finance a municipal facility that generates sufficient income which it uses to pay principal and interest.
Trust Indenture (bond resolution)
Printed on certain bonds which empowers the trustee to act on behalf of bondholders.
Created to supervise the issuers compliance with the bond covenants.
Rate Covenant
a promise to maintain the equipment and facilities.
Maintenance covenant
a promise to maintain the equipment and facilities
Insurance Covenant
a promise to insure facilities to pay bondholders incase the building is destroyed.
Open ended bonds
Allows further issuance of bonds with the same status and equal claim on revenues
closed ended bonds
Allows no further issuance of bonds with the same status or equal claims on revenues can be issued.
lease rental bonds
When a municipality needs to raise money to construct a building such as a school, then leases the school to the school district which it saves and uses as a backing for repayment of bonds.
Special Tax Bonds
Bonds that are supported by one or more taxes other than ad valorem (property) taxes. Such as sales, tobacco, fuel, or business licenses.
NHA Bonds Stand for what and are?
New Housing Authority Bonds; Local housing authorities issue NHA's to develop and improve low income housing. Backed by the full faith and credit of the US government.
PHAs are what and are?
Public Housing Authority; Same as NHA's.
What does MO bonds stand for and what are they?
Moral Obligation Bonds; state or local issued, or state and local agency issued, bond. If tax's are not sufficient to pay the debt service, the state legislature has the authority to pay the rest. It is a moral obligation only.
Variable Rate Municipal Bond
Offers interest payments tied to the movements of another specified interest rate, because coupon changes the market value of the bond stays relatively stable.
TANs
Tax anticipation notes: Short term securities that have maturities that range from three months to three years.
RANs
Revenue anticipation notes: offered periodically to finance current operations in anticipation of future revenue
TRANs
Tax and revenue anticipation notes: Combination of characteristics of TANs and RANs.
BANs
Bond anticipation notes: Sold as interim financing that will eventually be converted to long-term funding through the sale of bonds.
Tax-exempt commercial paper
often used in place of BANs and TANs for up to 270 days, though maturities are most often 30, 60, and 90 days.
CLNs
Construction loan notes: issued to provide interim financing for the construction of housing projects.
Bond contract
A contract between the underwriter of, and prospective investors in, its securities. The contract showing that the issuer has agreed to abide by the terms and covenants in the documents that compose the bond contract.
Flow of funds statement
A statement establishing the priority of payments made from a facility's revenues.
official statement
serves as a disclosure to potential investors informing them specific information about the issue.
Funded debt
corporate bonds with maturities of five years or more.
Municipal securities
debt obligations of state and local governments and their agencies.
Coupon
Interest Rate
book entry bonds
bond owners do not receive certificates. rather, the transfer agent maintains the security's ownership record.
sinking fund
established by a corporation or municipal issuer-trust indentures often require a sinking fund which can be used to call bonds, redeem bonds at maturity, or buy back bonds in the open market.
Tender offer
issuer sometimes offer a tender offer to bond holders to purchase back their bonds at a premium if the current interest rates are down.
put or puttable
this option lets the bondholder sell back bonds to issuer at face value at any time.
nominal yield or coupon yield
a fixed percentage of the bonds par value.
CY or Current Yield
measures a bonds coupon payment relative to its market price.
YTM or yield to maturity
the annualized return of the bond if held to maturity
Yield Curve
The difference between the short and long term bonds of same quality.
morgage bonds
the highest priority among all claims on assets pledged as collateral. relatively safe.
Collateral trust bonds
issued by corporations that own securities of other companies as investments. A corporation issues bonds secured by a pledge of those securities as collateral.
ETC's or Equipment Trust Certificates
Railroads, airlines, trucking companies, and oil companies use ETC's, or equipment notes and bonds, to finance the purchase of capital equipment.
Unsecured bonds
no specific collateral backing and are classified as either debentures or subordinated debentures.
Debentures
backed by the general credit of the issuing corporation, and a debenture owner is considered a general creditor of the company. Are below secured bonds and above subordinated debentures and preferred and common stock.
Subordinated Debentures
generally offer higher yields than either straight debentures or secured bonds because of their subordinate status, often have conversion features.
guaranteed bonds
backed by a company other than the issuer, such as a parent company.
income bonds
used when a company is reorganizing and coming out of bankruptcy. Income bonds pay interest only if the corporation has enough income to meet the interest payment and if the BOD declares a payment.
Zero-coupon Bonds
Sold at a deep discount, does not pay interest and matures at par.
Trust Indenture act of 1939
requires corporate bond issues of 5 million or more sold interstate to be issued under a trust indenture.
Convertible bonds
corporate bonds that may be exchanged for a fixed number of shares of issuing company's common stock.
conversion price
the stock price at which a convertible bond can be exchanged for shares of common stock
Conversion rate
the number of shares a bond maybe converted into.
forced conversion
occurs when an issuer calls its convertible bonds and it is clearly in the best interest of bondholders to convert their bonds rather than let them be called away.
T-bills
short term obligations issued at a discount and matures at par, therefore no payments are made.
T-notes
pays interest every six months, sold at auction every four weeks.
T-bonds
long term securities (10-30 years) that pays interest every six months.
STRIPS
zero coupon, backed by US gov.
TIPS
helps protect investors against purchasing power risk, issued with fixed interest payments.
CMO's
Collateralized Mortgage Obligation-mortgage backed securities. a pool of mortgages is structured into maturity tranches.
PO's and IO's
Principal only-Interest only CMO's
Money market securities
debt securities with maturities of one year or less. Highly Liquid. Largely safe because of short term.
CD's
Certificates of Deposite-guaranteed by banks-fixed interest payments-some can be traded on the secondary market.
Federal funds rate
the rate the commercial money center banks charge each other for overnight loans of $1 million or more.
Prime Rate
the interest rate that large US money center commercial banks charge their most creditworthy corporate borrowers for unsecured loans. Each Bank sets its own prime rate.
Discount rate
the rate the federal reserve charges for short-term loans to member banks.
Eurodollars
US dollars deposited in banks outside the US.
GO's
General obligation bonds-municipal bonds issued for capital improvements that benefit the entire community. Principal and interest paid by taxing powers of the city or state.
Coterminous Debt
Debt that is overlapped and taxed twice by either a city and a county.
Double Barreled bonds
revenue bonds that have characteristics of GO bonds. Interest and principal are paid from a specified facilities earnings.
Revenue Bonds
used to finance any municipal facility that generates sufficient income. Not subject to statutory debt limits.
IDR's or IDB's
Industrial Development Revenue Bonds-issued to construct facilities or purchase equipment, which is then leased to a corporation.
Special Tax Bonds
secured by one or more designated taxes other than ad valorem taxes. Such as sales, tobacco, fuel, or business license taxes.
Special Assessment Bonds
issued to finance the construction of public improvements as such as streets, sidewalks, or sewers.
NHA's
New Housing Authority Bonds-issued to develop and improve low-income housing. Backed by the US Gov.
Moral Obligation Bonds
A state or local issued, or state or local agency-issued, bond. Backed by moral obligation not law to repay if in default.
Municipal Anticipation Notes
short term securities that generate funds for a municipality that expects other revenues soon. Usually has 12 month maturities, although may range up to three years.
RAN's
Revenue anticipation notes-offered periodically to finance current operations in anticipation of future revenues.
TAN's
Tax anticipation notes-to finance current operations in anticipation of future tax receipts.
TRAN's
Tax and Revenue anticipation notes- combination of the characteristics of both TAN's and RAN's.
BAN's
Bond Anticipation notes-sold as interim financing that will eventually be converted to long term funding through a sale of bonds.
Tax-Exempt Commercial paper
often used in place of BAN's and TAN's for up to 270 days, though maturities are most often 30, 60, and 90 days.
CLN's
Construction loan notes- issued to provide interim financing for the construction of housing projects.
Variable Rate demand notes
have fluctuating interest rate and are usually issued with a put option.
GAN's
Grant anticipation notes- issued with the expectation of receiving grant money from the federal government.
Reset bonds
Variable rate municipal bonds, their price remains near par at all times because their coupon is usually reset to the market rate of interest every six months.
SLGS
State and Local Government SEcurities Series-US government securities issued directly by the Treasury to municipal issuers only in connection with pre-refundings.
Bond contract
municipal issuer enters into a bond contract with the underwriters of, and prospective investors in, its securities.
Sydicates
A group of investment bankers that spread the risk of selling a large issue for an issuer for a price.
MSRB
Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board
Churning
When a RR makes commissions through excessive trading. Specifically Prohibited.