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55 Cards in this Set

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A client condition that might cause a negative side effect during a facial treatment is referred to as a:
contraindication
The important part of the facial treatment that determines skin type, condition, and the recommended treatment is the:
skin analysis
Clients who present skin abnormalities, open sores, or fever blisters should be referred to a:
physician
During an analysis procedure, cleansing milk is applied to the skin using:
upward circular movements
When removing cleanser in the eye area, move outward on the upper lid and:
inward on the lower lid
Oily or dry conditions of skin that cannot be permanently changed, only improved with treatments, are determined by the skin
type
Characteristics that are associated with particular skin types are referred to as skin:
skin condition
The amount of sebum produced by the sebaceous glands determines the size of the:
pores
Obvious pores on the surface of the skin indicate:
oily skin areas
Dry skin that is not producing enough sebum is also known as:
alipidic
Skin that appears shiny or greasy from clogged, dead cells in the follicle is:
oily skin
The difference between closed and open comedones is the size of the follicle opening or:
ostium
Acne bacteria that cannot survive in the presence of oxygen are:
anaerobic
Pimples that have a pus head are called:
pustules
Dark blotches of color on the skin caused by sun exposure or hormone imbalance is:
hyperpigmentation
Hydrators that are thick in texture and bind water to the skin are used for:
dehydrated skin
Treatments that produce heat or stimulate the skin should be avoided for clients with the skin disorder:
rosacea
Foaming wash-off type cleansers contain a detergent that is also known as a(n):
surfactant
Products that are designed to lower the pH of skin after cleaning and aid in the removal of excess cleaning products are:
toners
Cosmetology professionals are only allowed to use products that remove dead skin from the:
stratum corneum
The process of removing dead cells from the surface of the skin is:
exfoliation
Exfoliating chemicals that dissolve or loosen dead-cell buildup are:
alpha hydroxy acids
Salon alpha hydroxy acid exfoliants are often referred to as:
peels
Chemical exfoliants that work by dissolving keratin protein in the surface cells are known as:
enzyme peels
A cream-type enzyme applied to the face and rolled off the skin after forming a crust is a:
gommage
A popular type of enzyme peel that does not dry and can be used during a steam treatment is the:
powder form
Products used to increase the water content of the skin surface are:
moisturizers
Water-binding agents in moisturizers contain emollients or hydrators also known as:
humectants
Skin products that have a higher concentration of ingredients are:
serums
A lubricating cream that must be thoroughly removed for additional products to penetrate the skin is:
massage cream
Oil-absorbing masks that have an exfoliating and astringent effect, making large pores appear smaller are:
clay based
Masks containing hydrators and soothing ingredients that do not dry hard and can be used on sensitive skin are:
gel masks
Masks that contain special crystals and dry to a plaster-like consistency are:
modelage masks
A thin, open-meshed cotton fabric that is used to hold mask products on the face is:
gauze
The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, kneading, or other movements is called:
massage
The impact of a massage treatment depends upon the amount of pressure, direction of movement, and:
duration of manipulation
The direction of movement in massage should always be from insertion of the muscle toward
origin
A light, continuous, stroking movement applied with the fingers or palms with no pressure is:
effleurage
Every massage should begin and end with the massage movement of:
effleurage
Massage movements should be performed using the:
cushions of fingertips
A kneading movement that is performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing tissue with light, firm pressure is:
petrissage
A deep rubbing massage movement in which pressure is applied to the skin while moving over an underlying structure is:
friction
A stimulating form of massage that consists of short, quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements is:
tapotement
The point over a muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle is the:
motor point
To soften skin tissues and follicle accumulations making them easier to extract, it is recommended to first use a:
facial steamer
To provide a buffer for the skin when using a brushing machine, apply a thick layer of cleaner or:
moisturizer
An applicator used to direct electric current from a machine to the client’s skin is a(n):
electrode
High-frequency machines have how many electrodes?
one
The black cord and plug of the negative electrode on a galvanic machine is called the:
cathode
The process of using galvanic current to penetrate water-soluble products containing ions into the skin is known as:
iontophoresis
Nikolas Tesla is credited with discovering:
high-frequency current
Light therapy using a light-emitting diode (LED) uses blue light to treat skin that is:
acne-prone
A mechanical exfoliation that uses a closed vacuum to shoot crystals onto the skin is:
microdermabrasion
The therapeutic use of oils in skin care products that creates positive effects on the body, mind, and spirits is:
aromatherapy
During a light ray treatment, the client’s eyes should be protected with:
eye pads