Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A description of a behavioral contingency
Behavioral contingency
the occasion for a response (S^D), the response, and the outcome of response
Rule control
-The statement of a rule
-controls the response
-described in that rule
Rule-governed behavior
behavior under the control of a rule
Contingency control
-Direct control of behavior
-by a contingency,
-without the involvement of rules
Reinforcement contingency
-The immediate,
-presentation of
-a reinforcer
-resulting in an
-increased frequency of that response
What do most indirect-acting contingencies involve?
Direct-acting contingency
-A contingency for which
-the outcome of the response
-reinforces or punishes that response
What type of outcomes do direct-acting contingencies involve?
Outcomes that follow the response by less than approximately 60 seconds
Indirect-acting contingency (rule-governed)
-A contingency that controls the response,
-but not because the outcome
-reinforces or punishes that response
Ineffective contingency
A contingency that does not control behavior;

(Rat presses a lever and gets a drop of water an hour later)
When are two procedures analogous?
When they are alike in some ways and not in other important ways
An analog to reinforcement
a response occurs and one day later a reinforcer follows, and that responses increases in frequency as a result
Rule-governed analog to a behavioral contingency
-An increase in the frequency of a response
-because of a rule describing the contingency
A rule plus
A rule plus the instruction that you should follow the rule (a mand)