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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the build up of the body?
1. cells
2. tissues
3. organs
4. systems
cytology
study of cells
what is the cell membrane?
the outer layer of the cell
what is the cytoplasm?
the body of the cell
what is the nucleus of the cell?
the middle of the cell
what is the normal number of chromosomes?
46 (23 pair)
what do genes do?
give us our hereditary characteristics
what does DNA do?
helps activate the cell
karyotype
picture of the nucleus
XX
female
XY
male
histology
study of tissue
muscle tissue does what?
produces movement
nervous tissue does what?
sends info to and from the brain
what are the 4 types of connective tissue?
bone, blood, fat, cartilage
what does epithelial tissue do?
lines organs and makes up our skin
morbidity
sickness/illness
mortality
death
febrile
fever
what is inflammation?
the body's response to illness or injury
what are planes?
immaginary divisions of the body
sagittal plane
divides the body into right/left sides
coronal/frontal plane
divides body into front and back
transverse plane
divides the body into top and bottom
RUQ
right upper quadrant
1. intestines
2. pancreas
3. liver
4. gallbladder
LUQ
left upper quadrant
1. intestines
2. pancreas
3. liver
4. stomach
5. spleen
RLQ
right lower quadrant
1. intestines
2. ureter
3. appendix
4. ovary
5. fallopian tube
LLQ
left lower quadrant
1. intestines
2. ureter
3. ovary
4. fallopian tube
what are signs?
objectives such as a rash (can be seen)
what are aymptoms?
what can't be seen (pain)
what are clinical findings?
x-rays, lab work
what is homeostasis?
when everything is working like it should
what is etiology?
study of the cause
what is diagnosis?
name of what is wrong with the patient
what is prognosis?
prediction of how well the patient will recover
what is idiopathic?
unknown disease
extension
to straighten
flexion
to bend
afferent
toward
efferent
away from
unilateral
one side
bilateral
two sides
oblique
at an angle
internal
inside
external
outside
central
middle
viscera
internal organs
what are the dorsal cavities?
cranial and spinal
the cranial cavity contains what?
the brain
the spinal cavity contains what?
the spinal cord
what are the ventral cavities?
thoracic, adominal, and pelvic (abdominopelvic)
what does the thoracic cavity contain?
lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland, and aorta
what does the abdominopelvic cavity contain?
the organs of digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems
what seperates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities?
the diaphragm