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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Neck
Thoracic
Lungs and heart area
Abdominal
Liver and intestines area
Pelvic
Rectum and reproductive organ area
Armpit
auxillary
Big toe
hallux
groin
inguinial
bony eye scoket
orbit
breast bone
sternal
back
Dorsum
bottom of the foot
Plantar
back of the knee
popletial
ear
otic
carpal
wrist
matter occupies _ and has mass.
solid= has _ and _
liquid= no_ but definite_
gas= no_ or _.
space

shape,volume
shape, volume
shape or volume
decribe the forms of energy

chemical-
electrical-
mechanical-
radiant-
-stored in bonds of chem sub
-movement of charged particles
-involved in moving matter
-travels in waves
things that can be detected with our senses or measured are
Physical properties
decribes how atoms react with other atoms
Chemical properties
Name the 4 major elements of the body

Also name the major minerals and trace minerals
Oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen

Calcium. chlorine, sulfur, potassium, sodium, magnesium and phosphorus

flourine, cobalt, chromiun, copper, iodine, iron manganese, selenium and zinc
2 or more atoms held by chemical bonds
molecule
dissolving medium, greater amount in solution

thing that is dissolved in a solution
solvent

solute
diffsubstances mixed together

homogeneous mixtures
mixture

solution
chemical bond between atoms when electrons are gained or lost
ionic bond
chemical bond between atoms when electrons are shared

when the atoms are shared equally they form

when the pull of the shared electrons is greater in an atom
covalent bond

nonpolar covalent bond (hydrogen gas)

polar covalent bond (water)
When hydrogen atoms are atracted to other hydrogen atoms the bond is
hydrogen bond
describe waters important properties
1. high heat capacity
2. high heat of vaporization
3. polar solvent properties
4. reactivity
release hydrogen ions in detectable amounts; ph 0

take up hydrogen ions in detectable amounts; ph 14
acids, strong acid

base, strong base
blood ph is __ to __

__ are presnet in the blood to release/take up hydrogen ions when ph alters
7.35-7.45

Buffers
Includes sugars and starches
carbohydrates
simple sugars are known as _. an exmaple is _, the major fuel source of the body.
monosaccharides

gluclose
_ are composed of many sugar units. an example is _ , the storage carbohydrate of plant tissues.
polysaccharides

starch
_ are composed of two sugar units. an example is _, otherwise known as table sugar.
dissacharides

sucrose
_ are insoluable in water but dissolve readily in other _ and alcohol.
Lipids

Include neutral fats, phosholipds and steroids.
_ _ provide the bodys most efficient and compact form for storing usable energy fuel.
neutral fats
an example of a steroid is _ which is a building block of vitamin d, steroid hormones and bile salts.
cholesterol
_ are composed of building blocks called amino acids.
proteins
simple sugars are known as _. an exmaple is _, the major fuel source of the body.
monosaccharides

gluclose
_ are composed of many sugar units. an example is _ , the storage carbohydrate of plant tissues.
polysaccharides

starch
_ are composed of two sugar units. an example is _, otherwise known as table sugar.
dissacharides

sucrose
_ are insoluable in water but dissolve readily in other _ and alcohol.
Lipids

Include neutral fats, phosholipds and steroids.
_ _ provide the bodys most efficient and compact form for storing usable energy fuel.
neutral fats
an example of a steroid is _ which is a building block of vitamin d, steroid hormones and bile salts.
cholesterol
_ are composed of building blocks called amino acids.
proteins