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15 Cards in this Set

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Acylation
Addition of an acyl group, usually replacinga H atom. Acylation of an amine gives an amide.
Acylation-reduction
a method for synthesizing amines by acylating ammonia or an amine, then reducing the amide.
Amine
a derivative of ammonia with one or more alkyl or aryl groups bonded to the nitrogen atom.
Amine oxide
an amine with a fourth bond to an O atom. In the amine oxide, the N atom bears a pos charge, and the O atom bears a neg charge.
Ammonium salt (amine salt)
a derivative of an amine with a postively charged N atom having 4 bonds. An amine is protonated by an acid to give an ammonium salt.
Azide
a compound having the azido group, -N3.
Cope elimination
a variation of the Hofmann elimantion, where a tertiary amine oxice elimantes to an alkene with a hydroxlyamine serving as the leaving group.
diazo coupling
the use of a diazonium salt as an electrophile in electrophilic aromatic substitution.
diazotizationn of an amine
the reaction of a primary amine with nitrous acid to form a diazonium salt.
exhaustive alkylation
treatment of an amine with an excess of an alkylating agent (often methyl iodide) to form the quaternary ammonium salt.
Gabriel Amine Synthesis
Synthesis of primary amines by alkylation of the potassium salt of phtalimide, foolowed by displacement of the amine by hydrazine.
Hofmann elimination
elimination of a quatenary ammonium hydroxide with an amine as the leaving group. the Hofmann elimination usually gives the LEAST highly substitued alkene.
hydroxlyamine
the compound H2NOH,or generically, an amine in which a hydroxyl group is one of the 3 substiutents bonded to N.
phase-transfer catalyst
a compound (sucha s a quaternary ammonium halide) that is soluble in booth water and organic solvents and that helps reagents move between organic and aqueous phases.
reductive amination
the reduction of an imine or oxime derivative of a ketone or aldehyde.