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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In the 37 years following Peter's death, the nobility of Russia
benefited legally, economically, and politically
All the reforms of Frederick William I were initiated in an attempt to subordinate the state to the demands of the
military
Sir Robert Walpole's success as a leader of the House of Commons could be traced to all the following EXCEPT which one?
His aggressive foreign policy involving constant warfare
Emelyan Pugachev was
the leader of the most significant uprising of the eighteenth century in Russia.
Which of the following statements BEST describes the temperament of Catherine the Great?
She possessed a dynamic personality that alternately captivated and terrified her subjects.
Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanction was
a document that expressed the emperor's hope that control of the Austrian Empire would pass intact to his daughter.
Peter the Great's westernizing innovation was
done almost purely to enhance military efficiency
What peace treaty created a new Europe in the west?
Utrecht
The colonists protested Parliament's passage of the Declaratory Act by citing the elements of resistance theory that had justified
the Glorious Revolution of 1688
Two empires, one German and the other Austrian, were the result of the ________ War, a conflict that set this transformation into motion.
Thirty Years'
The War of the Austrian Succession could BEST be described as
a number of European states cynically seizing an opportunity to expand their territories at the expense of a weaker neighbor.
The most important contribution Catherine made early in her reign was the
establishment of a legislative commission to review the laws of Russia.
Tsar Peter III was toppled from power by a military coup d'etat in 1762 because of his
support of Frederick II in the Seven Years' War.
Habsburg power centered increasingly in the eighteenth century on
Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary.
Which of the following was NOT a result of Peter the Great's reforms?
Russia's continued lag behind the rest of the world in production of iron and copper
Brandenburg could do little to unite with the kingdom of Prussia because
a huge swath of Poland lay between the two kingdoms
After losing Silesia to Frederick of Prussia in 1740, Empress Maria Theresa was able to secure ________ aid to hold the line against further intrusions into Austrian soil
Hungarian
In the seventeenth century, what European nation remained most prominent in Asian trade and colonialism?
Holland
Which of the following statements BEST describes Austria in the eighteenth century?
The Austrian monarchy was a multiethnic confederation of lands loosely tied together by loyalty to a single head.
Which of the following statements is most accurate?
Peasants living on state land belonged to the national government.
The Table of Ranks, the official hierarchy of the state under Peter the Great, was divided into all of the following categories EXCEPT which one?
Religious service
Which of the following statements is true of Peter the Great's military reforms?
The poll tax was instituted to increase tax revenue for war.
The War of the Austrian Succession could BEST be described as
a number of European states cynically seizing an opportunity to expand their territories at the expense of a weaker neighbor.
What treaty in the first quarter of the eighteenth century signaled a new Europe in the east?
Nystad
Peter the Great attempted to westernize Russia in all of the following ways EXCEPT which one?
Lutheranism was adopted as the state religion of Russia, and the members of the Russian Orthodox Church were branded heretics.
Which of the following was NOT a reform of Frederick II?
He reduced the state's expenditures on the military.
Which of the following nations did NOT join in the dismemberment of Poland in 1772?
France
Habsburg power centered increasingly in the eighteenth century on
Austria, Bohemia, and Hungary.
In the seventeenth century, what European nation remained most prominent in Asian trade and colonialism?
Holland
Perhaps the greatest contribution Peter the Great gave Russia was
the manner in which the Russian government could go on in the absence of a powerful ruler.
After losing Silesia to Frederick of Prussia in 1740, Empress Maria Theresa was able to secure ________ aid to hold the line against further intrusions into Austrian soil.
Hungarian
From the middle of the eighteenth century onward, the defining characteristic of central European politics was the conflict between
Prussia and Austria.
The centerpiece of Russian provincial government and one of the primary reforms of Catherine the Great's Charter of the Nobility was
the creation of district councils modeled on the English system of justices of the peace.
Austria's prospects appeared very good at the beginning of the eighteenth century for all of the following reasons EXCEPT which one?
Austria was clearly more powerful than its two eastern neighbors, Russia and Prussia.
Lack of all of the following were major problems for eighteenth-century Austria EXCEPT which one?
Lands suitable for cultivation
Political parties began to evolve in Britain in the late seventeenth century as a result of the
Protestant succession.
Which of the following statements concerning Peter the Great's economic policies is most accurate?
By 1726 more than half of all Russian exports were manufactured goods.
The most important contribution Catherine made early in her reign was the
establishment of a legislative commission to review the laws of Russia.
After the union with Scotland in 1707, the members of the House of Commons were most frequently selected by
nomination or election.
By the eighteenth century, the eastern half of the North American continent was shared by
England and France.
In the eighteenth century, the British monarch was all of the following EXCEPT which one?
An absolute monarch who held all power in the realm
In the 37 years following Peter's death, the nobility of Russia
benefited legally, economically, and politically.
Which of the following nations did NOT join in the dismemberment of Poland in 1772?
France
What nation was the greatest colonial power in the Atlantic in the eighteenth century?
Spain
The center of Europe in the eighteenth century could BEST be described as
an agglomeration of cities, bishoprics, principalities, and small states.
The colonists protested Parliament's passage of the Declaratory Act by citing the elements of resistance theory that had justified
the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
British military prowess was matched by its ________ preeminence.
economic
Which of the following reforms was NOT enacted in the reigns of Maria Theresa and her son, Joseph II?
Curbing military growth
Which of the following did NOT cause changes in the geographical boundaries of eighteenth-century Europe?
Incessant religious warfare