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77 Cards in this Set

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Removal of a gland.
Adenectomy
Adrenopathy
AdrenopathyDisease of adrenal glands
Adrenalectomy
Removal of an adrenal gland
Gonadotropin
Acts upon the gonads
Hypogonadism
Condition of decreased function of the gonads.
Pancreatectomy
Removal of the pancreas
Parathyroidectomy
Removal of the parathyroid glands
Hypopituitarism
Condition resulting from decreased secretion by the pituitary gland.
Thyrotropin Hormone
thyroid-stimulating hormone. Stimulates the Pituitary Gland
Thyroiditis
Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Androgen
Hormone producing male characteristics
Hypercalcemia
Increased calcium in the blood.
Hypocalcemia
Decreased calcium in the blood.
Corticosteroid
Any of the hormones produced by the Adrenal Cortex
Endocrinologist
Specialist in the study of the endocrine gland disorders
Polydipsia
Condition of excessive thirst
Estrogenic
Pertaining to producing estrogen-like effects. A female type effect.
Glucagons
Hormone from the pancreas that causes sugar to be released into the bloodstream when blood sugar levels are low. (Raises blood sugar)
Hyperglycemia
Blood condition of increased sugar
Glycemic
Pertains to sugar in the blood.
Glycogen
An animal starch; produced from sugar by the liver. How sugar is stored in the liver.
Homeostasis
Maintaining constant environment
Hormonal
Pertaining to hormones
Hypoinsulinism
Condition of deficient insulin
Hypokalemia
Low levels of potassium in the blood.
Prolactin
An Anterior Pituitary Hormone that stimulates the growth of breast tissue and milk production.
Myxedema
Condition of mucous-like swelling of the face and soft tissues; due to hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in adults. (Hypothyroidisms in adults).
Hyponatremia
Deficient of sodium in the blood.
Hypophysectomy
Removal of the pituitary gland.
Somatotropin
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland; stimulates growth of bones and tissues (growth hormone).
Steroid
An organic (containing carbon) compound with a ring structure; bile acids, vitamin D, certain hormones.
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary Hormone that stimulates childbirth
Thyrotoxicosis
Abnormal condition of excessive Thyroid Gland activity.
Antidiuretic Hormone
Posterior Pituitary Hormone that stimulates the kidneys to retain water.
Glucagons
Hormone from the pancreas that “assembles” sugar from starch and increases blood sugar when it is low.
Epinephrine
Hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla; raises blood pressure, increases the heart rate. (Sympathomimetic).
Adrenocorticotropin
Anterior Pituitary Hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex.
Glycosuria
Condition of sugar in the urine
Euthyroid
Normal thyroid function
Oxytocin
Hormone that stimulates childbirth
Panhypopituitarism
Condition of deficient secretion of all hormones from the pituitary gland.
Tetraiodothyronine
Thyroid gland hormone containing 4 atoms of iodine; thyroxine.
Triiodothyronine
Thyroid gland hormone containing 3 atoms of iodine
This helps maintain constant equilibrium?
Homeostasis
Hormones are also known as?
Chemical Messangers.
This Located around the Treachea?
Thyroid
This is located in the back of the Thyroid and there are 4 of them?
Parathyroid
These are located just above the Kidneys and there are 2 of them?
Adrenal Glans AKA Suprarenal Glands
This is located behind the stomach.
Pancreas
This is located at the base of the brain called the Sella Turciea?
Master Gand AKA Pitiutary Gland
This is located near the Pelvic area?
Ovaries
These are located in the scrotum?
Testies
Combining form for: Andr/o
Male
Combining form for: Calc/o
Calcium
Combining form for: Estr/o
Female
Combining form for: Glyc/o
Sugar
Combining form for: Gluc/o
Sugar
Combining form for: kal/i
Potassium
Combining form for:Lact/o
Milk
Combining form for: Natr/o
Sodium
Combining form for: Toc/o
Childbirth
Combining form for: Toxic/o
Poison
Enlargement of the Thyroid Gland?
Goiter
This is needed for the Thyroid to function proper?
Iodine
Overactivity of the Thyroid Gland?
Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is also know as?
Graves Disease
The name for Protrusion eyeballs is?
Exophthalmos
Underactivity Thyroid Gland?
Hypothyroidism
What is Myxedema?
Advanced hypothyridism in ADULTS.
What is Cretinism?
Occurs during infancty\childhood leads to lack of normal physical\mental growth.
Excessive production of parathormone?
Hyperparathyroidism.
This occurs when calcium leaves the bones and enters the blood-stream?
Hypercalcemia
This results when calcium remains in the bones and is not able to enter in the blood-stream?
Hypocalcemia
This is constant muscle contraction?
Tetany
Excessive Output of Adrenal Androgens?
Adrenal Virillism
Virillization happens because?
Excessive Androgen.
A Group of symptoms produce by excess Cortisol from the Adrenal Cortex?
Cushing Syndrome