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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Fugitive Slave Act
- Required all to help catch slave runaways
- Anyone aiding fugitive could be fined up to $1000 or prisoned
- Part of Compromise of 1850
- People in South believed the law would force Northerners to recognize rights of Southerners
- Led to mounting anger in North, convincing more people of evils of slavery
Uncle Tom's Cabin
- Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Packed with dramatic incidents and vivid characters
- Showed slavery was a brutal, cruel system
- Humanized slaves
- Turned Northerners against slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act
- For North: Transcontinental Railroad, connect Illinois -> West
- About to set up new government
- 1500-1600 ballots, border ruffians
- Two governments [one antislavery and proslavery] --> civil war in Kansas
- Violence in Congress --> Brooks-Sumner Incident
Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott moved from slave state to free state and back to slave state. Argued to court, and finally case brought to Supreme Court.

- Scott was still a slave.
- Slave was property, according to the Constitution, one's property cannot be taken away
- Slaves are not citizens
- Limits on slavery and popular sovereignty were unconstitutional --> slavery could be anywhere --> Northerners furious
Lincoln-Douglas debates
- Senator debate in Illinois
- Lincoln: decisions and Union cannot last
- Douglas: all free or all slave
- debate: Lincoln questioned Douglas about popular sovereignty --> Douglas responded with Freeport Doctrine, which lost him votes from South
- Helped people clarify postions
- Lincoln lost
Raid on Harpers Ferry
- John Brown (lunatic or sent by God or matyr)
- Abolitionists for $
- Plan: arsenal, attack & catch off-guard, weapons & hand out to slaves
- Colonel Robert E. Lee captured Brown (U.S. Marines)
- Brown execeuted (hanged)
- Many Northerners saw Brown as saint/matyr -> more Northerners opposed slavery
- Southerners became more convinced that there was a conspiracy
Election of 1860 & Secession Crisis
- 4 candidates: Stephen Douglas (N. Demo.), John Breckinridge (S. Demo.), John Bell (Constutitional Union), Abraham Lincoln (Repub.)
- Democrats split
- Final straw for Southerners
- Secession (1st- South Carolina) -> 6 states followed
- Lincoln (president) -keep slavery out of new territory, make peace
- No war unless Sourth makes first shot
- Fort Sumter