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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
BELL AND PAD TREATMENT
A behavior therapy technique to treat nighttime bedwetting by conditioning arousal from sleep in response to body signals of a full bladder.
TRANSFERENCE
In psychoanalysis, the process by which emotions and desires originally associated with a significant person in the patient's life, such as a parent, are unconsciously transferred to the psychoanalyst.
FREE ASSOCIATION
A technique used in psychoanalysis in which the patient spontaneously reports all thoughts, feelings, and mental images as they come to mind, as a way of revealing unconscious thoughts and emotions.
PSYCHOANALYSIS
A type of psychotherapy originated by Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance nad transference are used to explore repressed or unconcious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts.
ANTIANXIETY MEDICATIONS
benzodiazepines
FAMILY THERAPY
A form of psychotherapy that is based on the assumption that the family is a system and that treats the family as a unit.
ANTIPSYCHOTIC MEDICATIONS
SCHIZOPHRENIA
alters dopamine levels - reserpine, chlorpromazine
DREAM INTERPRETATION
A technique used in psychoanalysis in which the content of dreams is analyzed for disguised or symbollic wishes, meanings, and motivations.
BIPOLAR DISORDER (MEDICATIONS)
lithium, depakote
Why does the value of psychotherapy decrease when the client and psychotherapist hold different cultural beliefs?
values of Western psychotherapy:
*focus on individual
*emphasis on the importance of insight
*assumption that clients are willing to seek professional help for their problems
*empasis on emotional openness and disclosure
**The APA has established guidelines for psychotherapists who work with culturally diverse populations.
ANTIDEPRESSANTS
triculics, MAO inhibitors, second-generation antidepressants
ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY (ECT)
A biomedical therapy used primarily in the treatment of depression that involves electically inducing a brief brain seizure; also called SHOCK THERAPY and ELECTRIC SHOCK THERAPY.
HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE
*emphasizes human potential, self-awareness, and freedom of choice
*most important factor in personality is the individual's conscious, subjective perception of himself
*people are innately good and motivated by the need to grow psychologically
BIOMEDICAL THERAPIES
The use of medications, electroconvulsive therapy, or other medical treatments to treat the symptoms associated with psychological disorders.
PSYCHOTHERAPY
The treatment of emotional, behavioral, and interpersonal problems through the use of psychological techniques designed to encourage understanding of problems and modify troubling feelings, behaviors, or relationships.
COGNITIVE THEARPY (CT)
A type of cognitive therapy, developed by Aaron T. Beck, that focuses on changing the client's unrealistic beliefs.
RATIONAL-EMOTIVE THERAPY
A type of cognitive therapy, developed by psychologist Albert Ellis, that focuses on changing the client's irrational beliefs.
AVERSIVE CONDITIONING
A relatively ineffective type of behavior therapy that involves repeatedly pairing an aversive stimulus with the occurance of undesirable behaviors or thoughts.
SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION
A type of behavior therapy in which phobic responses are reduced by pairing relaxation with a series of mental images or real-life situations that the person finds progressively more fear-provoking; based on the principle of counterconditioning.
COGNITIVE THERAPIES
A group of psychotherapies that are based on the assumption that psychological problems are due to maladaptive patterns of thinking; treatment techniques focus on recognizing and altering these unhealthy thinking patterns.
CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY
A type of psychotherapy developed by humanistic psychologist Carl Rogers in which the therapist is nondirective and reflective, and the client directs the focus of each therapy session; also called PERSON-CENTERED THERAPY
BEHAVIOR THERAPY
A type of psychotherapy that focuses on directly changing maladaptive behavior patterns by using basic learning principles and techniques; also called BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION.