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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Properties of Water
High specific heat capacity
High boiling and freezing points
Low vapor pressure
High surface tension
Gets dissolved
Does the dissolving
Solute that will separate into ions when melted or dissolved (so it will conduct electricity)
Solid solution
Colloid consisting of a liquid within a liquid
Solution (Examples of)
Kool-aid, brass, air
Colloid (Examples of)
Whipped cream, milk, blood, mayo
Suspensoin (Examples of)
Muddy water, oil + vinnegar, dressing
Polar molecules will dissolve in...
water (which is a polar solvent)
Most substances become ____ as temp. increases
more soluble
Gases become _____ as temp. increases
less soluble
Molarity formula
Moles solute / Liter solution
Molality formula
Moles solute / kg solvent
Molality is/is not affected by temp.
is not
Colligative properties
freezing point depression, boiling point elevation
Change in temp. formula
k x molality x # particles
New B.P. formula
pure B.P. + change in temp.
New F.P. formula
pure F.P. - change in temp.
Lewis Dot polar vs. nonpolar
Polar - lone pairs and/or the molecule is asymmetrical
NonPolar - no lone pairs and the molecule is symmetrical
M1V1 = M2V2
% by volume (v/v)
volume of solute x 100 / volume of solution
% by mass - volume (m/v)
grams solute x 100 / volume of solution
% by mass (m/m)
grams solute x 100 / total grams solution
grams solute x 10^6 / total grams solution