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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
John Bell
the constitutional union's party nominee for the election of 1860. He was from Tenn. The platform favored the constitution, union, enforcement of laws, but avoided a clear stand on slavery.
John C. Breckinridge
The southern demo's candidate in the election of 1860-- from kentucky got 72 electoral votes.
Election of 1860
abe lincoln- repub
j.c. breckinridge- southern demo
john bell- constitutional union
stephen a. douglas- north demo
most momentous in history b/c after this the country literally split... (it became looooser)
Harper's Ferry
Raid by john brown (same guy as with sword and kansas) still believed god sent him to free slaves.
his plan was to go to the south and actually free them. Chose virginia and harper's ferry ( the u.s. arsenal) b/c the slaves would need guns. He took it over, and was then forced to surrender, was sentenced to hanging.
Freeport Doctrine
(in the senate race b/t stephan douglas and lincoln)
this was douglas' respoce to lincoln's question which lin. was sure would get douglas out of the running-- he said that the "people of the territory could shut out slavery prior to the formation of a state constitution, saying slavery could not exist without local poice regulations. The failure of a legislature to enact such laws would have the practial effect of keeping slaveholders out. Though, despite the dred scott decision a territory could exclude slavery.
lincoln-douglas debates
(in the senate race)
debates between lincoln and douglas regarding slavery and the union
abraham lincoln
leading repub.
opposed to slavery on moral, political and economic grounds
ran for illinois senate
become president
roger b. taney
chief justice of the supreme court-- declared the dred scott decision
according to him no black could be an american citizen therefore had no legal rights, and the law could not take away property
dred scott v. sanford
slave dred scott- his master brought him into free wisconsin territory, he sued his master saying that he was in free territory so he was free.

ruling against him- not a citizen no rights, for ex) it is still your suitcase even after you leave TX etc.
election of 1856
demo- james buchanan-pro kansas/neb. act, defended pop. sovereighnty
v. repub john freymont- against kansas/neb act, no slaves, internal improvements
John. C. fremont
republic nominee for presidency in 1856, he had made a national reputation as an explorer of the far west and who had no political record. (he lost)
james buchanan
demo nominee 1856 (he won)
didn't have many enemies and wasn't closely associated with "bleeding kansas' From Penn. he was a reliable party stalwart who as minister to england kept the country out of trouble.
he was a weak and innefective leader, financial panic hit the country because of him.
The caning of senator charles sumner
On the senate floor, charles sumner denounced slavery and made a personal (vocal) attack about Andrew Butler. Butler's nephew (also a senator) Preston brook, later attack sumner while at his desk, with a cane, until he is unconscience. Preston becomes the hero of the south and recieves lots of canes, while sumnmer becomes the hero of the north.
John Brown
Believed he was sent by God to stop slavery.
He takes his sons to Kansas for retalation of what happened in Lawrence, Kansas.
Him and his sons take broad swords and hack to death pro-slavery people. They are reveered as heros.

later he leads the raid on harper's ferry-- he is then hanged.
Lawrence, Ks
after the government announced it would support slavery, a proslavery posse went to kansas to arrest abolitionists, they not only arrested them but sacked the city and killed some abolitionists
Bleeding Kansas
The issue of slavery is up for vote in the kansas. They are going to use popular sov. so slavery owners send slave owners there so they can vote alot and abolitionists do the same. Basically a civil war erupts in Kansas. there is a lot of fighting and killing
u.s. troops are sent to kansas
Lecompton Constitution
After it was said that kansas would be a slave state, the proslavery territorial legislature called an election for delegates to a constitutional convention. The free-state residents refused to come. This they were able to make a pro-slavery constituion. When the election was called, the antislavery groups won the majority, they then put the leocompton constitution up for voting and it lost.
named after the city it was made in
American or Know-nothing party
began to break apart on the inevitable rock of sectionalism. At thier convention for the election of 1856, many northerners dropped out because they didn't have a strong enough stand against slavery. They nominated Millard Fillmore.
Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
(it killed the missouri compromise)
proposed by douglas
1) The status of slavery would be determined by pop. sov.
2) a clause specifically repealling the anti-slavery line of the missouri compromise'
3)and to create 2 territories instead of 1--- kansas and nebraska
became a law in may 1854
it created anger in the north b/c it destroyed the line, destroyed the whigs, it increased southern infulence in the democratic party
Republic Party
the Anti-nebraska democrats and the anti-nebraska whigs joined together after the kansas-neb. act.
began in the begining as simply anti-slavery, later got support from advocates of federal aid who thought the south was blocking aid/hindering the north.
when the know nothings broke up, they got most of its members