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13 Cards in this Set

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complex societies
nations;

large and populous, with social stratification and central governments
cultural consultants
subjects in ethnographic research;

people the ethnographer gets to know in the field, who teach him or her about their culture
emic
the res. strategy that focuses on LOCAL EXPLANATIONS AND CRITERIA OF SIGNIFICANCE
etic
res. strategy emphasizing THE ETHNOGRAPHER'S EXPLANATIONS, CATEGORIES, AND CRITERIA OF SIGNIFICANCE
genealogical method
procedures by which ethnographers discover and record connections of kinship, descent, and marriage, using diagrams and symbols
interview schedule
ethnographic tool for structuring a formal interview.

prepared form (usually printed or mimeographed) th/guides intvws w/households or indiv.s being compared systematically.

contrasts w/questionnaire b/c the researcher has personal contact w/local ppl and records their answers
key cultural consultant
person who is an expert on a particular aspect of local life
life history
of a key consultant or narrator;

provides personal cultural portrait of existence or change in a culture
longitudinal research
long-term study of a community, region, society, culture, or other unit, usu. based on repeated visits
questionnaire
form (usu. printed) used by sociologists to obtain comparable info. from respondents. often mailed to and filled in by research subjects rather than by the resercher (as is the case with an interview schedule)
random sample
sample in which all memb.s of the pop. have an equal statistical chance of being included
sample
a smaller study grp. chosen to represent a larger pop.
survey research
characteristic res. procedure among social scientists otr than anthropologists. studies society thru:
--sampling
--statistical analysis
&
--impersonal data collection