Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Physical development in middle childhood is:
slow and steady
Middle childhood is the only time in the lifespan when girls are on average taller than boys. True of False?
True-the height difference reflects the slightly more rapid physical development of girls, who start the adolescent growth spurt around the age of 10.
In the US, most variations in height and weight are the result of people's __________.
genetic inheritance
Good _________ is linked to stronger bones, healthier teeth, and cognitive performance.
Generally, treatment for childhood obesity should initially involve:
maintaining a child's current weight
Children should be urged to participate in organized sports activities, but should not be pushed too hard. True of Flase?
not every child is athletically inclined, and pushing too hard for involvement in organized sports may backfire and make playing such sports not enjoyable
___________ is a chronic condition characterized by periodic attacks of wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.
Children living in _________ have a higher incidence of asthma than other children, probably due to poorer medical care and less sanitary living conditions.
Childhood depression
characterized by the expression of exaggerated fears, clinginess, or avoidance of everyday activities
Anxiety disorders
Characterized by intense, uncontrollable fears about situations that most people would not find bothersome.
Despite criticism that there is little evidence of the long term effectiveness of anit depressants with children, several anti depressant drugs have been approved for use by children or adolescents. True of False?
One important improvement in gross motor skills is in the realm of muscle ___________.
When comparisons are made between middle school boys and girls who regularly take part in similar activities, gender variations in gross motor skills are pronounced. True of False?
The most frequent source of injury to children is _________.
automobile related
The most reliable safeguard for children in terms of the Internet and World Wide Web is _________.
parental supervision
Visual impairment
difficulties in seeing that may include blindness or partial sightedness
Auditory impairment
Hearing loss or loss os some aspect of hearing
Speech impairment
Diagnosed when the sense of interest deviates so much from that of others that it calols attention to iteself, interferes with communication, or produces maladjustment
Learning disabilities
Difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities.
Attendtion-defecit hyperactivity disorder
Marked by inattention, impulsiveness, a low tolerance for frustration, and generally a great deal of inappropriate activity
__________ or partial sightedness.
Visual impairment
The age of onset of hearing loss is critical in determining the degree to which a child can adapt to the impairment. True of False
if the loss of hearing occurs in infancy, the effects will probably be much more than if it occurs after the age of three because of the critical role that hearing play in the development of language.
__________ is the most common speech impairment.
__________ is typically diagnosed when there are misperceptions of letters during reading and writing, unusual difficulties in sounding out letters, confusion between left and right, and difficulties in spelling.
__________ is marked by inattention, impulsiveness, a low tolerance for frustraiton, and generally a great deal of inappropriate activity.
Attention defect hyperactivity disorder
Least restrictive environment
The setting most similar to that of children without special needs.
Exceptional children are integrated as much as possible into the traditional educational system and are provided with a broad range of educational alternatives.
Full inclusion
The integration of all students, even those with the most severe disabilites, into regular classes.
Under full inclusion, special ed programs would cease to operate. True or False?