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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cognitive ability
the capacity to reason
those attributes that center around skill at information processing problem solving and adapting to new or changing situatuons
Stanford- Binet
A test for determining a person's intelligence quotient of IQ
IQ Test
A test designed to measure intelligence on an objective, standarized scale
intelligence quotient
An index of intelligence that reflects the degree to which a persons score on an average intelligence test deviates from the average score of others in the same group
aptitude test
a test designed to measure a persons capacity to learn certain things tasks
achievement test
a measure of what has accomplished or in a particular area
a systematic procedure for observing behavior in a standarhelp of a numerical scale d situation and describing it with the
a description of the frequency at which particular scores occur allowing scores to be compared statistically
the degree to which a test can be repeated with the same results
the degree to which test are interpreted correctly and used appropriately
psychometric approach
a way of studying intelligence that emphasizes analysis of the products of intelligence expecially scores on intelligence tests
fluid reasoning
the basic power of reasoning and problem solving
crystallized intelligence
the specific knowledge gained as a result of applying fluid intelligence
triarchtic theory of intelligence
describes intelligens as having analytic, creative and practical dementions
multiple intelligences
8 semi independent kinds of intellengences
divergent thinking
the ability to think along many alternative paths to generate many fdifferent solutions to a problem
the capisity to prodcue new, hight quality ideas of product
convergent thinking
ablility to apply logic and knowlege to narrow possible solutions to a problem or preform some other complex task
the influences that account for the initiation direction intensity and persistence of behavior
a reason or purpose for behavior
instinct theory
a view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic involuntary and unlearned responses
innante, automatic dispositions toward responding in a particular way when confrontes with a specific stimulis
the tendency for organisms to keep their physiological systems at a stable steady level by constantly adjusting themselves in response to change
drive reduction theory
a theory of motivation stating that motivation arises from imbalences in homoestasis
a biological requirement for well being that is created by an imbalence in homeostasis
a psychological state of arousal created by an imbalance in homeostasis that prompts an organism to take action to restore the balence and reduce the drive
primary drives
drives that arise from basic biological needs
secondary drives
stimuli that acquire the motivational properties of primary drives through classical conditioning or other learning mechanisms
a general level of activation that is reflected in several physiological systems
arousal theories
theories of motivation stating that people are motivated to behave in ways that maintain what is for them an optimal level of arousal
incentive theories
a theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed toward attaining desirable stimuli and avoiding unwanted stimuli
the general state of wanting to eat
the condition of no longer wanting to eat
a condition in which a person is severly overweight as mesured by a body-mass index greater that 30
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by self starvation and dramatic weight loss
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder that involves eating massive amounts of food and then eliminating the food by self induced vomiting or the use of strong laxatives
sexual response cycle
the pattern of physiological arousal during and after sexual activity
sex hormones
chemicals in the blood of males and females that have both organizational and activiational effects on sexual behavior
feminine sex hormones that circulate in the bloodstream of both men and women relatively more estrogens circulate in women
feminine sex hormones that circulate in the bloodstream of both men and women more so in women
masculine sex hormones that circulate in the bloodstream in both sexes, more in men than women
need achievement
a motive reflected in the degree to which a person establishes specific goals cares about meeting those goals and experiences feelings of satisfaction by doing so
subjective well being
a combination of cognitive judgement of satisfaction with life the frquent experiences of positive moods and emotiosn and the relatively infrequent experiencing of unpleasant moods and emotions
a transitory positive or negative experience that is felt as happening to the self, is generated in part by cognitive appraisal of a situation and is accompanied by both learned and reflexive physical responses
the sub-system of the autonomic nervous system that usually prepares the organism for vigorous activity
parasympathetic nervous system
the subsystem of hte autonomic nervous system that typically influences activity related to the protection nourishment and growth of the body
fight-or-flight syndrome
the physical reactions initiated by the sympathetic nervous system that perpare the body to fight or to run from a threatening situation
the process of explaining the causes of an event
excitation transfer
a process in which arousal from on experience carries over to affect emotion in an independent situation