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13 Cards in this Set

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a showy passage for the soloist appearing near the end of the movement in a concerto it usually incorporates rapid runs (scales) arpeggios, and snippets of previously heard themes into a fantasy like improvisation
chamber music
usually instrumental music performed in a small concert hall or private residence with just one performer on each part.
ex: Mozart's "A Little Night Music" and Haydn's "Emperor String Quartet"
Diminished chord
a triad of seventh chord made up entirely of minor thirds and producing a tense unstable sound. The listener will expect to hear resolution in the next chord.
double exposition
a form originating in the concerto of the classical period in which first the orchestra and then the soloist present the primary thematic material (exposition)
Lorenzo da Ponte
Mozart's librettist. Incredibly wild life story
(Italian for "joke") a rapid jovial work in triple meter often used in place of the minuet as the third movement in a string quartet or symphony
(Italian for "symphony") a one movement (later 3-4 movement) orchestral work that originated in Italy.
(German for "singing play") a musical comedy originating in Germany with spoken dialogue, tuneful songs, and topical humor. German version of comic opera.
Solo concerto
a concerto in which an orchestra and a single performer in turn present and develop the musical material in the spirit of harmonious competition
in the classical period, this is defined as a multi-movement work for solo instrument or instrument with keyboard accompaniment
string quartet
a standard instrumental ensemble for chamber music consisting of a first and second violin, a viola, and a cello. Also the genre of music, usually in three or four movements, composed for this ensemble
The Emperor's Hymn
written by Haydn, it's Vienna's national anthem. Haydn uses it for the second movement of the Emperor's Quartet.
vocal ensemble
in Classic (and Romantic) opera, a group of four or more solo singers, usually the principles. When all singers come together, its usually at the end of an act.