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55 Cards in this Set

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Why were the Redcoats able to capture every town they wanted (except Boston)?
they had more firepower, trained troops, and supply ships from Britain.
Where did most of the Patriots come from?
New England and Virginia
What did Washington write to the Continental Congress that caused them to campaign for money?
Washington's army needed blankets, shoes, soap, food, even guns,ammunition,clothes, wagons, horses, and tents.
What type of money did the continental congress create?
paper money
Who were eager to remain in the army?
Free black men
Why was Washington originally opposed to free black men fighting and what changed his mind?
He was originally opposed because he felt that it would threaten the slave system. He changed his mind when the Governor of Virginia offered to free slaves who faught for the Brits
Why did some women have to live in the war camps with their husbands?
Because it was the only way for them to survive?
What did women do to help out during the war?
The women did the washing, cooking, sewing, and nursing for the soldiers, and some even joined them on the
battlefield
Who was Mary Hays?
She joined her husband on the battlefield, was nicknaed "Molly Pitcher" because she brought men water on the battlefield. even took her husbands place at the canon when he fell.
Why were the Redcoats able to capture every town they wanted (except Boston)?
they had more firepower, trained troops, and supply ships from Britain.
Where did most of the Patriots come from?
New England and Virginia
What did Washington write to the Continental Congress that caused them to campaign for money?
Washington's army needed blankets, shoes, soap, food, even guns,ammunition,clothes, wagons, horses, and tents.
What type of money did the continental congress create?
paper money
Who were eager to remain in the army?
Free black men
Why was Washington originally opposed to free black men fighting and what changed his mind?
He was originally opposed because he felt that it would threaten the slave system. He changed his mind when the Governor of Virginia offered to free slaves who faught for the Brits
Why did some women have to live in the war camps with their husbands?
Because it was the only way for them to survive?
What did women do to help out during the war?
The women did the washing, cooking, sewing, and nursing for the soldiers, and some even joined them on the
battlefield
Who was Mary Hays?
She joined her husband on the battlefield, was nicknaed "Molly Pitcher" because she brought men water on the battlefield. even took her husbands place at the canon when he fell.
Who did Washington's troops battle in summer of 1776?
British General Howe and his 8000 Hessian mercenaries in New York. Howe won, Washington retreated to NJ.
What did Thomas Paine start publishing during the winter of 1776?
Pamphlets that aroused patriotism, starting with The Crisis ("Now is the time that tries men's souls...).
What was WASHINGTON'S CROSSING?
Christmas Day 1776 Washington crossed the Delaware and attacked the Hessians in Trenton, killing 1000 and getting their supplies.
What was the British strategy?
Have 3 British armies meet in Albany NY: General John Burgoyne "Gentleman Johnnie"), General St. Leger, General Howe.
What did General Burgoyne re-capture?
Fort Ticonderoga
Who fought the battle at Fort Stanwix?
British General St. Leger with Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant and 1000 Iroquois, Hessian and Britsh troops, and Loyalists.
How did Benedict Arnold defeat the British at Fort Stanwix?
Sent an Indian ally ahead to tell the Brits he was coming with a huge army. The British got scared and fled.
Why did Benedict Arnold flee to England?
He was caught planning to betray American forces for 20,000 pounds.
Who led the Continental force at Freemans' Farm?
General Horatio Gates
What was the "earthworks"?
An earthen wall put up by Thaddeus Kosciuskzko to protectr the Continental Army.
What happened to General Burgoyne at Freemans Farm?
He tried twice to break the earthworks but FAILED. Had to RETREAT and was cut off by Continental Army at Saratoga - SURRENDERED his 6000 troops.
Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point in the war?
France recognized American independence, forged alliance with them, got Spain to join American side.
How did Spanish General Bernardo de Galvez, Governor of Lousiana, keep the British from attacking from the southwest?
Took the British strongholds at NATCHEZ and BATON ROUGE, MOBILE and PENSACOLA.
In what condition were Washington's troops during the winter at Valley Forge?
No food, clothing, shoes. 1/4 died of cold, smallpox or starvation. Many deserted.
How did Washington's troops prepare for battle while at Valley Forge?
American General Baron Von Steuben trained them, and disciplined them. Within a month they were doing precision drills.
How did the Americans gain hold of the vast area at the Frontier (between the Great Lakes and Ohio River)?
American George Rogers Clark captured British fort Kaskaskia and Vincennes.

Caught Henry Hamilton ("the hair buyer") off guard and took him prisoner.
How did the Americans fight the British at sea?
They encouraged privateering and commerce raiding.
How did John Paul Jones help the Americans at sea?
Sailing the Bonhomme Richard (named for Poor Richard's Almanac), he attacked two British trading ships and won. Two days later his ship sank.
Why did the British Generals shift their focus to the south?
They thought the Loyalists and slaves there would join them. (They promised freedom but later sold them!)
What was the worst disaster of the war for Americans?
British captured Charleston, S.C. and 5,000 American defenders surrendered.
What happened at the Battle of Camden?
The British (under General Cornwallis) killed the Baron and de Kalb's men fled. It was a demoralizing defeat for the Patriots.
Who was Francis Marion?
"Swamp Fox" - an American who joined forces with General Gates and attacked General Cornwallis and freed the prisoners after the Battle of Camden.
What happened at the Battle of King's Mountain?
A Patriot group of guerillas slaughtered a British force of over 1000 men.
In what condition were Washington's troops during the winter at Valley Forge?
No food, clothing, shoes. 1/4 died of cold, smallpox or starvation. Many deserted.
How did Washington's troops prepare for battle while at Valley Forge?
American General Baron Von Steuben trained them, and disciplined them. Within a month they were doing precision drills.
How did the Americans gain hold of the vast area at the Frontier (between the Great Lakes and Ohio River)?
American George Rogers Clark captured British fort Kaskaskia and Vincennes.

Caught Henry Hamilton ("the hair buyer") off guard and took him prisoner.
How did the Americans fight the British at sea?
They encouraged privateering and commerce raiding.
How did John Paul Jones help the Americans at sea?
Sailing the Bonhomme Richard (named for Poor Richard's Almanac), he attacked two British trading ships and won. Two days later his ship sank.
Why did the British Generals shift their focus to the south?
They thought the Loyalists and slaves there would join them. (They promised freedom but later sold them!)
What was the worst disaster of the war for Americans?
British captured Charleston, S.C. and 5,000 American defenders surrendered.
What happened at the Battle of Camden?
The British (under General Cornwallis) killed the Baron and de Kalb's men fled. It was a demoralizing defeat for the Patriots.
Who was Francis Marion?
"Swamp Fox" - an American who joined forces with General Gates and attacked General Cornwallis and freed the prisoners after the Battle of Camden.
What happened at the Battle of King's Mountain?
A Patriot group of guerillas slaughtered a British force of over 1000 men.
How did American General Nathaniel Greene turn the tide in the South?
1. He won over the Cherokees and treated the Loyalists with mercy;
2. He tried not to fight the Brits head on, but wore them out chasing the Americans all over the countryside. If they had to fight, they made sure they killed as many Brits as possible before retreating.
How did the English feel about the war after six years?
They were opposed to it and had come to feel maybe American independence wasn't such a bad thing.
How did the Americans defeat British General Cornwallis at Yorktown?
The French sent a fleet from the West Indies to cut off supplies to the British; (French?) General Jean Rochambeau brought troops to fight with Washington and they cut off Cornwallis and bombarded his troops.
How did the war end?
On October 19th Corwallis surrendered his army of 8000.