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15 Cards in this Set

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All the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
Metabolism
reations that break down large molecules into smaller molecules. Breaks bonds, releases energy, loses electrons, hydrolytic reactions, oxidation reactions
Catabolism
All the reactions that build up smaller molecules into larger ones. Creates bonds, requires energy, gains electrons, synthetic reactions, reduction reactions.
Anabolism
Adenosine Triphosphate
ATP
is a nucleotide composed of a base, adenine, a sugar, ribose and 3 phosphates.
ATP
composed of ADP~P. When the ~P is added energy is stored. When it is broken energy is released and catabolic reactions take place.
ATP
a series of reactions where in reactant "A" results in the product "F". If any mistakes occur from "B to E" then "F" wont occur.
Metabolic Pathways
energy that is needed to turn potential energy into kinetic energy
Activation energy
protein catalyst that speeds up a specific reaction and controls the rate of reaction.
Enzyme
reactants that the enzyme speeds up.
Substrate
composed of apoenzyme and coenzyme.
Enzyme
protein part, special part that limits the effect to one reaction
Apoenzyme
large molecules, non protein that assist enzymes in performing reactions
Coenzyme
add and subtract H2
dehydrogenases
all of the cellular chemical reactions in which energy is released in support of cell life.
Cellular respiration.