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9 Cards in this Set

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Name 3 characteristics that all cells have in common.
smallest unit that can carry life functions, cell membrane, cytoplasm
What is the function of the following cell parts: cell wall, nucleus, cell membrane, mitochondria, vacuoles?
cell wall-protects plant cell and gives it it's shape
nucleus-directs all cel activity(control center)
cell membrane-allows nutrients in and out of cell
mitochondria-stores food and releases energy
vacuoles-holds excess water and food, and removes it from cell
Compare Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Prokaryotic-cells that don't have membrane bound stuctures, found in one celled organsims(bacteria)
Eukayotic-cells with organelles, found in multicell organisms(plants, animals, fungi)
What is the difference between plant cells and animal cells?
Plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, animal cells don't.
Name and describe the different tyes of cellular transport.
cellular tranportation- passive and active
passive-diffuson;doesn't require energy to move substances from a high level to a low level of concentration
active-requires energy to move substances from a high level to a low level of concentration
Explain the importance of the relationship between photosynthesis and respiration.
photosynthesis-process plants use to make food(oxygen is needed for respiration); one of the products of respiration is CO2 which is needed for photosynthesis.
Name the three parts of the cell theory.
1. All organisms are made up of 1 or more cells
2. The cell is the basic unit of organization in organisms
3. All cells come from cells
What is a virus and how is it treated or prevented?
Virus-microscopic particle that gets inside a cell and often destroys it. Cand be prevented by vaccinations.
Describe the structure of a virus.
tiny strand of herenditary material surrounded by a protein coat. They can be crystal shaped, sphere, cylinder, or space craft type of shape