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34 Cards in this Set

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Cellular Respiration
Breakdown of Glucose
Formula for respiration
C6H12O6 + 6O2 ----> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy
None
Organisms
All Organisms
The organelle where respiration takes place:
the Mitochondria
None
Aerobic Respiration
With oxygen
Anaerobic Respiration, a.k.a. fermentation
Without oxygen,
None
___ ___ is brought into the leaf, and then it combines with water to make glucose.
Carbon Dioxide
_______ is a food created by photosynthesis.
Glucose
_____ ______is used by the leaf to make food for the plant. Light energy is changed into food energy.
Light energy
______ are the special cells found in a leaf where photosynthesis takes place. a) stomata, b) oxygen, c) glucose d) chloroplasts
d) chloroplasts
TRUE / FALSE: Oxygen is created during photosynthesis, and it goes into the atmosphere after leaving the plant.
TRUE
None
respiration
an energy-releasing process that DOES require oxygen
fermentation
an energy-releasing process that DOES NOT require oxygen
Cells store energy in the form of _____.
glucose (a type of sugar)
How do cells get energy?
breaking down glucose in the process of respiration
Name two kinds of fermentation.
alcoholic fermentation - occurs in yeast and other single-celled organisms

lactic acid fermentation - takes place in the human body... you feel this when your muscles use up oxygen faster than it can be replaced.
There is (are) _________ stage (stages) in respiration.
-one, -two, -three
Energy is released in _______.
a. the first stage of respiration
b. the second stage of respiration
c. the first AND second stage of respiration
Respiration takes place in the mitochondria in the ____________.
a. the first stage of respiration.
b. the second stage of respiration.
c. the first AND second stages of respiration.
Respiration takes place in the cytoplasm in the ____________.
a. the first stage of respiration.
b. the second stage of respiration.
c. the first AND second stages of respiration.
Oxygen is used in the ________________.
a. the first stage of respiration.
b. the second stage of respiration.
c. the first AND second stages of respiration.
Glucose molecules are broken down in the ___________________.
a. the first stage of respiration.
b. the second stage of respiration.
c. the first AND second stages of respiration.
Chromosomes are pulled to the ends of the cell in
ANAPHASE
Chromosomes line up in the center of the cell in
METAPHASE
Nuclear membrane disappears, chromosomes appear in
PROPHASE
Two nuclei form and the cell splits to make two cells
TELOPHASE
The cell grows and makes a copy of its DNA in
INTERPHASE
Active transport requires _________ to move things from low concentration to high concentration.
energy
A ________________ membrane lets some t hings through and stops other things.
selectively permeable
An organism that can use sunlight to make its own food is called a(n)
autotroph.
Most of a cell's life is spent in a stage called
INTERPHASE.
GLUCOSE + ____________ ----> _________ + water + ____________
glucose + oxygen -----> energy + water + carbon dioxide
When yeast get energy without using oxygen they produce ________.
alcohol.
When muscles get energy without oxygen they produce _________.
lactic acid