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29 Cards in this Set

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Gasohol
A mixture of gasoline and ethanol.
Endocytosis
A process by which cells transport a large body through the cell membrane into the cytoplasm.
Equilibrium
Condition in which molecules of a substance are spread evenly throughout a space.
Active Transport
Protein binds to a particleand uses energy to move through the cell membrane.
Producers
Organisms that make their own food.
Enzymes
Speed up chemical reactions.
Exocytosis
A process by which wastes are packaged by Golgi bodies and them expelled from the cell.
Passive Transport
Movement of molecules without the use of energy.
Diffusion
Molecule movment from an area of more molecules to an area of less molecules.
Osmosis
Passive trasport of water by diffusion.
Biogas
Mixture of gases that can be stored and transported like natural gas.
Metabolism
All of the activities that occur within the cells of an organism.
Consumers
Organisms that can't make their own food.
Biomass
Organic material from plants and animals that is used for energy.
Fementation
Process that gives off energy without using oxygen
Carbohydrate
Organic compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Lipid
Organic compound made up of mostly carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Protein
Organic compound; amino acids; proteins contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
Nucleic Acid
Large organic molecule made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus.
Photosynthesis
6CO+ 6HO+light energy --> CHO+6O
Carbon water chlorophyll suger dioxide oxygen
Respiration
CHO + 6O --> 6CO+ 6HO+ energy
Suger oxygen Carbon Water
dioxide
What are the first five elements that compose the Human body?
O- Oxygen
C- Carbon
H- Hydrogen
N- Nitrogen
Ca- Calcium
Mixture
Two or more substances physically placed together which can be separated by physical means.
Give 3 examples of Carbohydrates
Sugars, Starch, and Cellulose
Give 3 examples of Lipids
Fats, Oils, and Waxes
Give 1 example of Protein
Enzymes
Give 2 examples of Nucleic Acids
DNA and RNA
Give 2 examples of Nucleic Acids
DNA and RNA
Who is Aristotle
A greek philosopher