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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cell membrane
controls movement of materials in and out of the cell
pure breed
all dominant traits, combination of 2 dominant trait
hybrid
organism with two different genes for a particular trait. One dominant and one recessive.
5 processes carried on by the cell
1. Metabolism
2. Respiration
3. Diffusion
4. Osmosis
5. Active Transport
RNA
reads DNA
homeostasis
ability to keep a constant body temperature
ATP
Energy rich molecules
Punnett Square
a special chart devised by a mathematician P.C. Punnett
purpose of the Punnett Square
shows possible combinations resulting from a cross of two organisms
dominant traits
stronger trait in genetics or the ones that will show up or be seen
chromosomes
cell structure that directs the activities of the cell and passes traits to new cell
genetics
study of heredity or how traits are passed on
molecules
smallest particle of a compound
DNA
blueprint
diffusion
it is the force behind the movement of substances going in and out
osmosis
only deals with water (diffusion)into or out of the cell
phenotype
visible characteristics of an organism
genotype
genetic makeup of an organism
recessive traits
weaker trait in genetics or the ones that will be hidden
allele
basic unit of heredity
cell
basic unit of life
fermentation
another name for anaerobic respiration.
active transport
molecules found in the cell membrane over rides the membrane when certain things need the cell. ex. Calcium