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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are some causes of hyperthermia?
Vigorous exercise
Heat Stroke
Reaction to anesthetics(malignant hyperthermia)
Phenothiazides (Neuroleptic)
What causes Q fever? What is the treatment?
Coxiella burnetii

Treat with Tetracycline
Heatstroke is characterized by a body temp of?
40.6° C (105° F)
How do you treat heatstroke?
Rapid cooling with wet compresses until temp is 39° C, then IVF
Hectic fevers, which are characterized by wide swings in temperature, may indicate?
abscess
disseminated TB
collagen vascular diseases
Relapsing fever with episodes of shaking chills and high fever, which are separated by 1 to 3 days of normal body temperature and relative well-being suggest?
Malaria (plasmodium)

Demonstration of parasites in blood smears establishes the diagnosis of malaria.
How do elderly patients with infection often present?
They often fail to mount a febrile response and may present instead with loss of appetite, confusion, or even hypotension without fever
A painful mouth infection caused by coxsackie viruses
Herpangina
Name 3 granulomatous infections that cause fever
TB
Histoplasmosis
Malaria
Name post-animal exposure causes of fever
Coxiella Burnetti- cattle
Leptospira- water contaminated by urine from cats, dogs, rodents
Brucella- cattle, dairy products
Ehrlichia- deer or dog tick
What agent causes enteric fever?
Salmonella typhi (food or water contaminated with fecal material)
How do you treat typhoid fever?
3rd gen ceph or
fluoroquinolones
What is the treatment of Brucellosis?
Doxycycline and Rifampin
Most likely cause of a patient with fever and purpura fulminans
Meningococcemia
What agent causes Toxic shock syndrome?
Staphylococcus aureus strains producing toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST-1)
What is the clinical presentation of Toxic shock syndrome?
Abrupt onset of high fever
Hypotension
N/V
Severe watery diarrhea
Confusion
What 3 three rickettsial diseases are endemic in the US?
RMSF
Q fever
Murine typhus
What disease is passed from dogs to ticks to humans and occurs mostly in the southeastern US?
RMSF
A febrile illness, usually assoc. with headache, stiff neck, myalgias, arthralgias, and erythema chronicum migrans (ECM).
Bell's palsy may also occur.
Lyme disease
What is the treatment of Lyme disease?
Doxycycline
Cause of Hand, foot, and mouth disease
Coxsackie virus
This virus infects B cells, producing lymphocytosis and atypical T cells known as Downey bodies. Heterophile antibodies appear in patient's blood.
EBV (Mono)
Pleomorphic gram-negative bacilli (Bartonella henselae) can be identified in the lymph node biopsy of this disease
Cat-scratch disease
Infection acquired by contact with rabbits
Tularemia
Very painful genital ulcers with mostly unilateral, tender inguinal lymphadenopathy
Chancroid
How do you define FUO: Fever of undetermined origin?
Temp > 38.3° C (101° F) at least 3 weeks in duration and remains undiagnosed after 3 days in the hospital or after three outpatient visits.
Millet seed densities in the lateral chest X-ray views is highly suggestive of?
Disseminated tuberculosis
What is the most common primary tumor of the heart?
Myxoma
What is another name for Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Still's disease
What is Löfgren syndrome?
A subtype of acute sarcoidosis:

Hilar adenopathy
Erythema nodosum
Arthralgia
What are the MCC of HIV-Assoc. FUO?
Mycobacterium avium complex
CMV
Drug reactions
bacterial line infections