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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bactrim is used for?
Nocardia
Gram - bacilli
PCP
Salmonella
Metronidazole is used for?
C.difficile
Anaerobes
Amebas
Trichomonas
This drug class is good for gram-negative rods; has no activity on anaerobes
Aminoglycosides
Clindamycin is used for?
Anaerobes
Gram-positive cocci
This drug class is broad spectrum; especially useful for spirochetes and Rickettsia
Tetracyclines
Drug of choice for Legionella and Mycoplasma
Erythromycin
Treatment for Histoplasmosis and Blastomycosis
Itraconazole
Candidiasis, cryptococcosis, and coccidioidomycosis can be treated with?
Fluconazole
Treatment for CMV infection
Ganciclovir
Treatment for herpes simplex and zoster
Acyclovir
Famciclovir
Influenza A treatment and prophylaxis
Amantadine
Rimantadine

Also:
Oseltamavir
Zanamavir
What drug can be used for meningococcal and H.flu prophylaxis?
Rifampin
Drug to treat Group A strep
Penicillin
Name the NRTIs
Didanosine
Abacavir
Zidovudine
Stavudine
Lamivudine
Name the NNRTIs
Efavirenz
Nevirapine
Delavirdine
Name the Protease Inhibitors
Ritonavir
Indinavir
Saquinavir
Amprenavir
Nelfinavir
If a pt is allergic to PCN, what other drugs should be avoided?
Cephalosporins
Imipenem
This class of drugs inhibit ergosterol synthesis
Azoles
Treatment for Toxoplasmosis
sulfadiazine and pyrimethamine
Name some Gram positive cocci
Staphylococcus
Streptococcus
Peptostreptococcus
Name some Gram-positive rods
B.cereus
Corynebacterium
Listeria
Name 2 Gram - cocci
Neisseria
M.Cat
Name some Gram-negative rods
Pseudomonas
Proteus
E.coli
Enterobacter
Klebsiella
Serratia
Salmonella
Shigella
Moraxella
Haemophilus
Name diseases caused by protozoa
PCP
Toxoplasmosis
Malaria
Amebic dysentery
Giardiasis
Which antimicrobials interfere with cell wall synthesis
PCN
cephalosporins
monobactams
carbapenems
Name the 4 basic methods of antibiotic action
Interference with:

cell wall synthesis
protein synthesis
DNA synthesis
Normal metabolism
Which Abx interfere with protein synthesis
Macrolides
Amino-glycosides(Tobramycin)
Rifampin
Ketolides

Chloramphenicol
Oxazolidinones
Streptogramins
Tetracyclines(Doxycycline)
Which Abx interfere with DNA synthesis
Fluoroquinolones
name 2 antimicrobials that can cause anemia as a side effect
Sulfonamides
Chloramphenicol
How do antivirals work?
By inhibiting the viral DNA polymerase (RNA or DNA synthesis)
what is the best drug to treat H.flu?
Cefuroxime(Ceftin)

2nd Gen Cephalosporin
Name some anaerobes
Peptostreptococcus
Peptococcus
Porfomonas
Prevatella
Clostridium
B.fragilis
Fusobacterium
Chlamydia, Mycoplasmas, Legionella usually cause?
Atypical Pneumonias
classify the following organisms as Gram +/- bacteria, fungi, protozoa, or spirochete:

Treponema
Listeria
Pseudomona
Trichomona
Borrelia
Aspergillus
Candida
Serratia
Shigella
B.cereus
Treponema- Spirochete
Listeria- Gram + rod
Pseudomona- Gram - rod
Trichomona- Protozoa
Borrelia- Spirochete
Aspergillus- Fungus
Candida- Fungus
Serratia- Gram - rod
Shigella- Gram - rod
B.cereus Gram + rod
What abx are used to treat Anaerobes?
Metronidazole
Clindamycin
Pt comes in with a bullous impetigo what pathogen? What treatment?
Staph Aureus or Strep Pyogenes

Can give 1st Gen.Cephalosporin (Ancef)
Which drugs are Extended spectrum, beta-lactamase inhibitor PCNs?
Augmentin- Amox/clauv acid
Unasyn- Amp/sulbactam
Which are the anti-pseudomonal PCNs?
MPCAT

Mezlocillin
Piperacillin
Carbecillin
Azlocillin
Ticarcillin

Most can have BLIs
What is the DOC for ghonorrhea?
PCN G
or
Rocephin
cephalosporins
monobactams
carbapenems
β-lactamase inhibitors

What do these have in common?
They're all β-lactam antibiotics
How do you treat pseudomonal infections?
AG plus a beta-lactam
Name some side effects of FQs
Cartilage damage(retards growth in kids)
CNS disturbances
N/V
Skin Rash
Prolongs QT