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11 Cards in this Set

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Encoding
the way data is converted to patterns of electrical, light, or electromagnetic energy and carried on a medium; e.g. electrical pulses (copper), light pulses (fiber-optic), and electromagenetic waves (wireless)
Local Area Network (LAN)
a gruop of end devices and users under the control of a common administration
Wide Area Network (WAN)
a network used to connect LANs that are located geographically far apart
protocol suite
protocols that work together
network access protocols
Network access protocols describe two primary functions: (1) data-link management - taking the packets from IP and formatting them to be transmitted over the media, and (2) the physical transmission of data on the media. The standards and protocols for the phusical media govern how the signlas are sent over the media and how they are interpreted by the receiving clients. Transceivers on the NICs implement the appropriate standards for the media that is being used.
protocol model
The TCP/IP model is a protocol model because it describes the functions that occur at each layer of protocols within the TCP/IP suite.
reference model
The OSI is the most widely known reference model (not specific; provides a common reference)
Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model
Application
Presentation
Session
Transport
Network
Data Link
Physical
TCP/IP Model
Application
Transport
Internet
Network Access
OSI vs. TCP/IP model
The OSI describes the entire communication process in detail, and the TCP/IP model describes the communication process in terms o the TCP/IP protocol suite and the way it functions. The OSI model is used to reference the process of communication, not to regulate it. The TCP/IP model is an open standard that defines the four communication functions that protocols perorm
Request for Comments (RFC) documents
Publicly accessible documents that define specifications and policies of the protocols and of the Internet in general; solitications and maintenance of RFCs are the resonsibility of the IETF